Environmental Conservation

There are various core environmental issues which are taking a heavy toll on human lives. Ranging from overpopulation, hydrological issues, ozone depletion, global warming to deforestation, desertification and pollution, all these issues pose a severe threat to the existence of humankind. Environmental conservation is a practice that paves the way for protecting the environment and natural resources on the individual, organisational, and governmental levels.

It has become inherently important to work towards environmental conservation in contemporary times.

Now that you are familiar with the meaning and importance of Environmental Conservation, let’s understand the core methods through which it can be effectively facilitated:

Forest Conservation 

bird s eye view of roadway surrounded by trees

We know that plants and trees are the essential sources of air, food and other day-to-day products we use. Forests are the dwelling place of different living creatures, and a single disturbance in the ecosystem can cause disruption in the water cycle and the food chain. Thus, afforestation is amongst the core Environmental conservation and aims to plant more trees and save the existing ones from cutting down as trees play a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance. 

Soil Conservation

person holding a green plant

As one of the prominent methods for environmental conservation, the need for soil conservation has arisen to tackle the harmful effects of soil pollution. On earth, the soil is the major element that plays a pivotal role in soil erosion, land degradation, and floods. Soil is filled with rich nutrients for plant production. Soil conservation can be carried out by ensuring minimal use of fertilizers and venomous chemicals, and abolishing the disposal of harmful industrial waste in the soil. 

Waste Management

rocky cliffs near calm sea
Photo by Rachel Claire on Pexels.com

Especially in developing countries and congested places, daily, an enormous amount of waste is thrown away recklessly on the streets and roads. The improper disposal of waste segregation can lead to various dreadful diseases and soil pollution.

To ensure minimal wastage and facilitate waste disposal, we can opt for various techniques like the 3R’s, i.e. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, dry and wet waste segregation, amongst others.

Public Awareness 

With the boom of information technology and digital media, public awareness pertaining to environmental conservation might yield promising results. There is a dire need to aware the masses about the consequences of environmental pollution and degradation.

Here are some measures to save the environment:

  1. Deforestation must be stopped
  2. Natural non-renewable resources must be used properly
  3. Every year, we lose a vast amount of forest life due to forest fire. We must find a solution to this.
  4. Afforestation is the best way to conserve the environment
  5. Create public awareness
  6. Control pollution and population
  7. Recycle goods
  8. Adopt an environment-friendly lifestyle
  9. Adopt waste management techniques
  10. Species on the verge of extension should be saved.

-ANJALI PRIYA

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