What is Real Feminism?

Feminism is the theory of political, economic, and social equality of the sexes, also known as ~gender equality~. It is a simple notion that women are people, and they are equal. It isn’t asking for anything but equal rights and opportunities. However, more often than not, its meaning gets manipulated by male chauvinists to indicate that it’s a moment meant to demean men, which is so not the case.

In no way does it mean that we hate our men. Men of quality support equality. Both conscious and unconscious gender bias is rampant within us, and to get rid of it, we need to come to terms with the fact that we are the problem, but we are the solution.

Thousands believe in equal rights but find “feminism” a word and a movement that doesn’t align with their personal believes or values. May I ask them why is that? Don’t we have a word for everything in this world? In what way could a word that is just conveying its meaning be offending to someone? You believe in equality but not in feminism is a catastrophe because they aren’t mutually exclusive. It’s common sense. It just asks women to be placed on the same level as men, neither higher nor lower, and get the same treatment in both positive and negative situations.

It strives to shine a light on the deep-rooted patriarchy and misogyny embedded in our society and provides ways to fix it. It is essential that your feminism is intersectional and doesn’t exclude people based on their religion, race, and socio-economic status. It needs to be for everyone and not categorically for the people you like or dislike. A big part of feminism is letting women do whatever the hell they want to. This includes supporting them when they want to become the president and supporting them when they don’t want to work and stay home. Personally, it means not giving the reigns of my life to a male simply because I’m a woman and he’s a man; To get disrespected and not have my opinion heard because of my gender; to not have a seat at the table because of my gender. All of this doesn’t make any sense, especially in the 21st century, because any given woman possesses as much power and potential as any man does. And to that section of people at the back who couldn’t care any less about this because they simply don’t see the discrimination and injustice going around, you must either have buttons for eyes or are simply blinded by the amazing combination of your extreme faux notion and idea of equality on the outside and your inner male superiority complex. Feminism isn’t about making women stronger. Women are already strong. It’s about changing the way the world perceives that strength.

As the glorious Letty Cottin Pogrebin’s rightly said, “When men are oppressed, it’s a tragedy, but when women are oppressed, its tradition”. And in my humble opinion dumping that tradition out of the park is exactly what feminism is about.

Written by – Radhika Ahuja

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Marginalisation of Eunuchs

Marginalisation, the word itself coveys to us a deep and thoughtful message. Margin means an edge of something. We know that an edge consists of a small portion or a small area. Margin though gives a completion to a project but is never given much importance. It seems to be excluded. Similar is the situation of Eunuchs in the society. Our so called “society” that considers equality of supreme importance, seems to adopt marginalisation when talked about Eunuchs. We also know the clever trick that the society adopts when they face the media or press. That is the time when humanity and deep respect for all the genders come out from their heart.

Firstly let’s understand what exactly marginalisation is. Marginalisation is the process of excluding a class of people or a group of people. Thus, by doing so they treat them as secondary and give them less importance. Marginalisation excludes such class of people and boycott them from society. Eunuchs in a simple term means a transgender or a third gender. Usually such people are a part of social exclusions. There are various reasons hidden behind the marginalisation of eunuchs.

Eunuch army could protect India

Let us throw a light on some reasons that why do eunuchs have to face marginalisation from the society.

Lack of equality

The basic right of every human is to be treated equally with everyone around. Eunuchs are deprived of this. It is because of their gender. They don’t have defined gender. Gender inequality still prevails in our society which has led to a major differences in the society. Gender indifferences divide the society into parts of various communities that further leads to major misunderstandings and disputes.

Educational status

In the fast developing era of technology and advancement in various sectors every workplace needs highly skilled and qualified people. Education is a must for each and every individual. Eunuchs hardly have any idea about the importance of education. Hardly one percent from the hundred are aware and they educate themselves with at least the basics, which is a must.

Living standards

A person should at least possess a certain standard of living to maintain a dignity in a society. Despite numerous hardships, the society respects the one who is independent and works hard to earn a living. Eunuchs have no proper guidance or standards to match up with the society, that is the reason society doesn’t accepts them.

Uncertain behavior

Many people around have this fear developed in mind that eunuchs may behave weird or in a manner that is harmful or uncertain to them. This is the major reason why many people fear talking to them or approaching them.

Lack of employment

Eunuchs lack employment. This is because they do not have the trained skills or and expertise domain wherein they can work and serve the nation in any form. This leads to their inability to pay taxes and premiums of insurance, etc. Employment also forms a part of major source of respect in society, because we all know a person is known by the work he does.

One human has a control over a birth of a soul. The gender, the qualities, colour, etc. are the determined from birth itself and no one can change it. The one who is the Creator, never discriminates so how can we as humans do so? God creates each and every individual so different from one another that each and every one is special in its own way. Agreed that Eunuchs are different form the rest, but after all they too are humans. Every individual has a right to live a life with basic freedom and right. Somewhere or the other we, being the part of this society are also responsible for the cause of marginalisation of eunuchs.

How many of us took a step forward or took an initiative to stand for them? They lack education because education is not provided to them. We hardly have any schools that can provide them with education. We hardly have any trainers or guides who can guide or teach them. Thus, let’s not just blame the society for the cause of marginalisation of eunuchs. A minor step of change can lead to massive changes that can embark the history. Our every step of individual, every small helping hand can bring about the change in their life and moreover, help reducing the social exclusion of eunuchs.

Equality and equity

Meaning of Equality and Equity:

According to some dictionaries, equality somewhat means the situation in which everyone has the same rights and advantages, whereas equity is the quality of being fair and impartial.
Nowadays, everyone craves equality rather than equity.
Equality means sameness, and equity means fairness.
The inequality we provide everyone with the same opportunities and inequity offers everyone access to the same options.
Equality works when everyone starts from the same place, which means equity must stand before equality.

Examples:

For example, everyone stands on the same starting point during a race to reach the same endpoint. Who will win that depends on who comes first from the start to end, not someone who joins the race after the mid point?
Your Success depends on your work. I don’t think our dignity should allow us to possess equality just for the sake of providing someone with access to opportunities and some with none.


For example— in India, a national level entrance medical test NEET is conducted to get category reservations. To Achieve Success, you need more hard work if you belong to a general category. In contrast, others can get it for a relatively lower score.

How can you expect the one who is getting a college at a much lower rank and the one who has done a lot to get this who would be a better doctor whereas, in the exam for chartered accountancy, the CA exam? There is no such reservation. You have to work for what you want to achieve.

Equality


Equality and equity go hand in hand. We have several misconceptions regarding them, even in our families. Parents provide things to their babies to be impartial so that their children don’t think that. Parents should teach their children it isn’t partiality when one gets more it’s about their needs their is a bit different. The needy one should get more of it, not the one who is already full. Still, to ensure equality, this happens in our democracy; also rich get access to more than those who are not, which I don’t think should prevail.


Equality is fundamental, but unless equity is possessed, it doesn’t mean anything.
And equity will only be possessed when we teach ourselves about our needs.

Similarly, we choose our needs more than just luxuries. Everyone wants to live a better life, but earning to pass on to the next generations doesn’t mean anything. If one is capable, they will get it by themselves, no need to teach how to beg for and take advantage of your state because you stop someone from getting what they deserve. You want yourself to deserve that.

Written by Prachi Chand.

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Nobel Prize 2020: Uniquely Significant for Social Welfare, Women Empowerment, and Gender Equality

One of the most esteemed awards given for intellectual achievements in the world is nothing but the Nobel Prize, which is awarded annually from a fund granted for the purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel.

Every year, this prestigious award is announced in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and the distinguished service to humanity, commonly known as the Nobel Peace Prize.

Physiology/ Medicine: This year, the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to American medical researchers and virologists – Harvey J Alter and Charles M Rice and British scientist Michael Houghton to discover Hepatitis C Virus.

And this discovery has revealed the unknown causes of Chronic Hepatitis. As a result of this discovery, highly sensitive blood tests for the virus and new medicines are available now. Now, we are hopeful that one day this infectious disease would be eradicated.

Physics: The Nobel Prize winners of 2020 for Physics are three astrophysicists – Roger Penrose from the UK, Reinhard Genzel from Germany, and Andrea Mia Ghez from the USA.

One half of the prize has been given to Roger Penrose to discover that a black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity.

And the other half of the prize has been given to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Mia Ghez to discover a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky way galaxy.

Andrea Mia Ghez is the fourth woman to receive the Nobel Prize for Physics.

Chemistry: Researchers Emmanuelle Charpentier of France and Jennifer Anne Doudna of the USA have been awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors, which is one of the sharpest tools of gene technology and will help to improve cancer therapies.

And the most important and exciting thing about the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, 2020, is that a women team has been awarded a Nobel Science Prize for the first time.

Peace: This year, the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to the World Food Programme or WFP (which is an agency of United Nations) for their remarkable efforts to combat hunger, bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas, and preventing the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict. And WEP’s efforts have made a remarkable instance to eradicate hunger, which is one of the UN’s missions.

Economic Sciences: The Nobel Prize winners for Economic Sciences, 2020, are none other than the American economist’s Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson for their work on commercial auctions, i.e., improvement of the auction theory and invention of new auction formats for the auctioning of many interrelated objects.

Literature: The Nobel Prize in Literature 2020 has been awarded to the USA poet Louise Glück ‘for her unmistakable voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.’

Her poetry focuses on the unfortunate realities of being human, dealing with themes such as death, childhood, and family life.

Louis Glück is the fourth woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature and the sixteenth woman Nobel Laureate.

The Nobel Prize comes with a medal and One Million Swedish Crowns, but this year the prize money has increased to Ten Million Swedish Crowns.

Traditionally, in the earlier years, the coveted prize winners were invited to the Swedish capital Stockholm for talks and the award ceremony. Still, this year the ‘Nobel Banquet’ has been canceled for the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic situation. The award winners will be honored, especially in their own countries, by the Nobel Committee.

And finally, it is imperative to discuss the significance of The Nobel Prize, 2020, on the ground of not only social welfare but also on the field of Women Empowerment.
Earlier, women were not allowed to take science subjects as the society thought they could not do well in Science. So, for many, many years, the science subjects were beyond the women learners’ reach.

But, this year’s Nobel Prize Ceremony and the four women Nobel Laureates have shown us that a woman can shine in the field of Science as well as in the field of Literature.

So, which matters is not the gender rather the effort and the skills to shine in any field.

And so, we must not be gender-biased in any case, and obviously, in the case of education; instead, we must give every learner equal opportunity for humanity’s welfare.

Moreover, this year’s Nobel Prize will inspire every woman, every person, and also the upcoming generations to achieve their utmost achievements through their skills.

Written by Dyuti Banerjee.

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EQUALITY AND ITS IMPORTAnCE

Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents. Here we will focus on equal pay at work, i.e., women and men should be paid equally for the same result.

EQUALITY

Unfortunately, equal pay at work is not seen very often; here, women are subjected to many obligations and yet paid less than their male colleagues for the same job.

But have you ever wondered why this concept of equal pay at work is not in force very actively? The answer is that most of us don’t think of it, and if few people think of it, they find it as a law of nature where women are always treated subordinate to men.
Today we live in a patriarchal society, where male dominance is always in prevalence, so equal pay at work is not finding its way and hence not implemented. But this patriarchal mentality needs to be changed as we are living in the 21st century.

The phrase ‘equal work’ means an individual who has been employed for the work is allotted to him should be given sufficient pay. Equal pay is governed under the Equality Act of 2010, which offers a right to equal compensation between women and men for similar work.

Roughly half of the men (46%) say that men and women are generally treated equally by society, while only 34% agree. Nearly half (53%) of women say society favors men over women, compared with 36% of men who say the same.

Equal pay at work creates a fair working atmosphere at the workplace as if you are paid significantly less than your workmate, you will become quite frustrated over time and will not consider this to be fair. Not paying equal leads you to a state where you will only work the minimum and may no longer have any ambition in your job.

Paying equally also motivates women to work to their best as they know that they will be spent if they work hard.
If they are paid equally, they will succeed the same as men; there will be more opportunities for women to work and prosper and serve a lot in women empowerment.

EQUALITY

Equal pay also leads to gender equality in the nation. A nation where both men and women are treated equally goes far in the long road to success than a country where women are always treated less than men. These happen because both men and women collectively contribute to a nation’s wealth and prosperity if treated equally and given equal opportunities.

So could you give it a thought and change your mind?
Equal pay at work to men and women has a lot of benefits not only to women but to the nation and the organization also in which they are working.

Written by Ankita Singh.