Nutritional MYTHS

Do you also believe in nutritional myths?

(Myth Busters)

Myths, myths, myths… The list is pretty long then, so wrong. But what’s right? What can you believe?

Well, this has been the confusion for decades, which started from street gossips and have evolved into “WHATSAPP FORWARDS”. It becomes a heck of a decision on what to believe and what not to.

Quoting Shakespeare in a sarcastic way, “TO BELIEVE OR NOT TO BELIEVE, THAT IS THE QUESTION”

So, here are all such myths, and are on our way to bust them today. Within the next few minutes, we will learn the facts behind the age-old myths.

IN TODAY’S ARTICLE OF MYTH BUSTERS, FOOD, AND NUTRITION MYTHS! BUSTED!

Let’s start right away with the first nutritional myth.

Myth 1: Those with diabetes have to give up sweets.

Fact:

In moderation, an occasional sweet treat is fine. The key to maintaining healthy blood sugar levels is balancing meals and snacks to supply a mix of carbs, fats, and proteins, and using exercise and drugs to stay blood sugar under control.

Many of them completely quit sweets when detected with diabetes, but the truth is that a sweet here and there is allowed. This brings us to the second one.

Myth 2: Vitamin C can keep you from catching a cold

Fact:

Research has shown that vitamin C generally does not ward off colds, but it may be helpful in people who participate in extreme physical exercise. A 2019 study within the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition found ingesting a pill of vitamin C, or vitamin C, before one bout of exercise suppressed SOD activity, a marker of stress within the body, among participants who took the pill, compared with those that ingested a placebo. However, the researchers are unclear on the efficacy of vitamin C supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress.

So, it is uncertain that Vitamin C can help you not catch a cold, but it isn’t completely true as well. Moving on to the next nutritional myths,

Myth 3: Avoid eggs because of their cholesterol content.

Fact:

Eggs have gotten an unfounded bad rap; in a 2018 study in the journal Nutrients, researchers found eggs don’t actually contribute to high cholesterol. In fact, eggs are a cheap source of many nutrients, including zinc and iron, antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, vitamin D, and therefore the brain-boosting chemical choline. However, keep in mind that the research on eggs has gone back and forth over the years so don’t overdo it. The American Heart Association says one whole egg or two egg whites a day can be part of a healthy diet. Keep cholesterol in check by monitoring saturated fat in your diet.

We have been listening to this from our childhood. The truth is that eggs don’t much contribute to high cholesterol. Next one along your way,

Myth 4: Spicy food gives you an ulcer

Fact:

Spices don’t trigger ulcers. We now know that a selected sort of bacteria, Helicobacter pylori, causes most ulcers, except those triggered by certain medications, like aspirin. What spices can do is exacerbate those problems, which can cause people to mistakenly believe that spices cause ulcers.

So, the culprit is the bacteria. The spices don’t actually cause ulcers but help to make the situation worse. Hence, do have spices, but keep some control over them as well.

Myth 5: Eating celery (leafy vegetable) burns more calories than you take in.

Fact:

It’s a food myth that celery has “negative” calories, according to the Mayo Clinic. But, with less than 10 calories per serving and plenty of fiber, it’s a great snack for maintaining a healthy weight. Try these healthy snacks that may help boost your weight loss.

There’s nothing like the concept of negative calories, but it is the fiber that aids weight loss.

The next one,

Myth 6: Raw carrots are more nutritious than cooked

Fact: Antioxidants could also be enhanced when some vegetables are cooked. for instance, during a 2008 study within the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, researchers found cooking carrots actually increases their nutritional value. Boiling carrots led carotenoids (antioxidants) to extend by 14 percent, while other cooking methods, especially frying, led to a decrease in antioxidant value.

Cooking tends to reinforce antioxidants sometimes. Be it raw or cooked, veggies are always healthy. this is just the most believed nutritional myth.

Image result for nutrition myths and facts

Myth 7: Coffee stunts your growth.

Fact:

Coffee doesn’t stunt your growth. consistent with Healthline, a study tracked 81 women aged 12–18 for 6 years. It found no difference in bone health between those that had the very best daily caffeine intake, compared to those with rock bottom. Therefore, caffeine doesn’t have any positive correlation with calcium absorption.

Coffee lovers, it’s a treat for you. there’s no harm to your growth, but an excessive amount of it can cause insomnia (lack of sleep). Drink wisely.

Myth 8: frozen dessert is bad for the throat.

Fact:

It’s not quite clear where this myth originated — possibly from a nasty case of brain freeze! actually, the precise opposite is true, and frozen dessert has long been revered as a remedy for sore throats. frozen dessert also can often help to scale back mouth inflammation and is consistently recommended for those that recently got their tonsils removed. The soothing chilliness of the frozen dessert helps numb the world altogether and provides some comforting and delicious relief.

Shocked, right? So were we, once we found this online. That’s the rationale we are reaching bent you in order that no more myths are spread.

Myth 9: Carbonated drinks are bad for you

Fact:

A sodium-free seltzer with a wedge of lemon or lime quenches your thirst without hurting your health. Soda, on the opposite hand, will contribute to health problems when consumed in excess, including weight gain, cavities, and high vital sign, consistent with the middle for Science within the Public Interest

The drinks without can be preferred to quench your thirst with no effects on health.

This brings us to the end of today’s article with various nutritional myths. We’ve busted 9 nutritional myths today. Tell, us which one shocked you the foremost within the comment section below.

THANK YOU!

MICROECONOMICS AND MACROECONOMICS

Studying the subject matter of economics like Theory of demand and supply , consumer behavior, national income , balance of payment , unemployment, etc. We come across two broad categories of economics one is macroeconomics, taking the economy as a whole and other is microeconomics.

Distinction between the two will not be easy until we see the scope and importance of both the categories. So here it begins.

Macroeconomics and Microeconomics
Macroeconomics and budget

Microeconomics (from Greek prefix mikro- meaning “small” + economics)  , here microeconomics is made from two words i.e micro which means Small + Economics that means economics studied at small scale.

It studies the behavior of individuals and firms in making decisions regarding the allocation of scarce resources and the interactions among these individual. Microeconomics generally applies to markets of goods and services and deals with individual and economic issues.

The specific concepts being focused under microeconomics are:

1.marginal utility and demand.

2. diminishing returns and supply.

3. elasticity of demand.

4. elasticity of supply.

5. market structures (excluding perfect competition and monopoly)

6. role of prices and profits in determining resource allocation.

Some Important microeconomic theories on :

1. Consumers .

2. Production.

3. Cost production

4.Opportunity cost theory

The major importance of Microeconomics is as given below:

1 . It helps in price determination and also explains how the prices of various factors of production are determined.

2. Microeconomics theory also helps in understanding the working of the free market economy as in free market economy , decisions are based on the preference of the consumer or demand for the product.

3. We understand many international trade aspects like effects of tariff, determination of exchange rates, gains from international trade etc. It is also useful in public finance to analyze both, the incidence as well as effect of a particular tax in microeconomics.

Finance

3.  microeconomics also explains how we can utilize our scarce resources effectively and efficiently and how can we maximise our output.

Not only is it useful in efficiently allocating the scarce resources to productive uses but it also helps control the use of the allocated resources as well.

4 . Theories of microeconomics also help managers in taking rational busienss decisions .

5. Microeconomic Concepts also helps governments and policymakers in framing policy for the country for the welfare of our economy.

6. As , microeconomics help in optimum utilization of resources thus it helps in zero wastage of our resources.

If we talk about SCOPE OF MICROECONOMICS then microeconomics includes variour concepts like :-

1. COMMODITY PRICING : Helps in determining the price of a perticular comodity.

2 . FACTOR PRICING : It helps us in studying how prices of factors are detrimined .

3. SOCIAL WELFARE : optimum utilization of resources will eventually leads to efficient allocation of scarce resources thus contributing to social welfare.

Macroeconomics

Summing up , we conclude that Microeconomic approach of economics helps us study and understand the practical working of the economy. The entire economy is complex and complicated for a layman to analyze. However, microeconomics facilitates easy comprehension of the economic system.

MACROECONOMICS:

Macroeconomics is a branch of economics that studies how an overall economy—the market systems that operate on a large scale—behaves. It studies economy-wide phenomena such as inflation, price levels, rate of economic growth, national income, gross domestic product (GDP), and changes in unemployment.

 If we talk about SCOPE OF MACROECONOMIC then it covers following topics :-

1. National income.

2. Employment.

3. Resources.

4. Postulate of General price level.

5. Idea of economic growth.

Importance of Macroeconomics:

1. Helps to understand the functioning of a complicated modern economic system. It describes how the economy as a whole functions and how the level of national income and employment is determined on the basis of aggregate demand and aggregate supply.

2. Assist us in achieving the goal of economic growth, higher level of GDP and higher level of employment. It analyses the forces which determine economic growth of a country and explains how to reach the highest state of economic growth and sustain it.

3. It helps to bring stability in price level and analyses fluctuations in business activities. It suggests policy measures to control Inflation and deflation.

4. Macroeconomics explains factors which determine balance of payment. At the same time, it identifies causes of deficit in balance of payment and suggests remedial measures.

5. Provides a way to solve economic problems like poverty, unemployment, business cycles, etc., whose solution is possible at macro level only, i.e., at the level of whole economy.

Economical growth

6. With detailed knowledge of functioning of an economy at macro level, it has been possible to formulate correct economic policies and also coordinate international economic policies.

7. Last but not the least, is that macroeconomic theory has saved us from the dangers of application of microeconomic theory to the problems of the economy as a whole.

CONCEPT OF MACROECONOMICS :

▪︎ Income and Output

One of the most important concepts of macroeconomics is income and output. The national output is the total amount of all goods and services produced in a country during a specific period. And when production units or organizations sell everything they produce, they generate an equal amount of income

GDP
GDP

▪︎Unemployment

Another important component of macroeconomics is unemployment. Economists measure the unemployment rate in an economy by calculating the percentage of individuals without jobs.

▪︎Inflation and Deflation

The study of inflation and deflation is another important aspect of macroeconomics. The term inflation refers to an increase in the prices of goods and services across the country. On the other hand, the term deflation refers to a decrease in the prices of goods and services.

MACROECONOMIC POLICIES :

The two main macroeconomic policies that a government may apply to bring about stability are the monetary policy and the fiscal policy.

▪︎Monetary Policy

The monetary policy is an important process, which is under the control of the monetary authority of a country. This monetary authority is usually the central bank or the currency board. The monetary policy is usually implemented by the central bank to stabilize prices and to increase the strength of a country’s currency.

The monetary policy also aims to reduce unemployment rates and stabilize GDP. It also controls the supply of money in an economy.

▪︎Fiscal Policy

The fiscal policy is a process that makes use of a government’s revenue generation. It also utilizes expenditure as tools to control economic windfalls. The government uses the fiscal policy to stabilize the economy during a business cycle.

Microeconomics and Macroeconomics

Summing up , we conclude that Macroeconomics deals with the performance, structure, and behavior of the entire economy. In contrast to microeconomics, it is less focused on the choices made by individual actors in the economy (like people, households, industries, etc.)