Impact of Indian Defence Industry on Russia-Ukraine War

The Russia-Ukraine war erupted on the evening of 24th February, 2022 and is currently on-going in Ukraine. Its impact has been felt widely around the globe and India too is not an exception. Russia has been the main contributor of advanced defence weapons and training programmes of the Indian defence since independence. Hence, it is necessary for India to have backup plans in case the Russia-Ukraine war escalates into a global World War III.

Why India needs to import weapons?

The Indian defence consists of 3 main wings – Army, Navy and Air Force. Despite having the largest number of soldiers and armed men in uniform in the world, India still lags behind in its weapon industry. While India manufactures most of its defence weapons, for advanced technical weapons, she has to import from Russia, Israel, France or even the US. The weapons have modernised in the modern world, involving technologies like artificial intelligence and integrated circuits, to enhance precision, damage, and self-defense. India has lagged a bit in this industry, despite having hostile neighbours, who are ready to plunge an attack into Indian territories. Russia and Israel formed crucial partners of India to maintain the Indian defence as par with most other developed countries.

How Ukraine-Russia war can affect our defence industry?

We have both short term and long term consequences here. In the short term, most of the deliveries of weapons from Russia are likely to be delayed. The delivery of the long-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system S-400 Triumf ‘SA-21Growler’ could get delayed if the war continues. The delivery started in December last year and is expected to be completed by 2025, but the war is likely to postpone it, and in the worst case, may cancel it. The production of AK-203 riles is likely to get slower, and acquiring them from Russia right now is even tougher. Two Grigorovich-class ‘Project 1135.6’ frigates for the navy are in the middle of construction at a shipyard in Russia. Its delivery will most likely be hampered by the war. Even the products which are ready faces hurdles in the payment system, as Russia has been banned from SWIFT, the main International Banking System.

Is there any impact due to the long term consequences?

The long term consequences will be far worse for India for which India needs to change its strategy from being entirely dependent on Russia on its military strength. In the long term, as US and other European countries are also defence partners of India, India cannot sign a pact or deal with Russia in terms of defence. Any kind of bonding with Russian defence will raise suspicion among the western countries, which may isolate India similar to what Russia has been facing currently. No military drill, technology transfer, or joint exercise can be conducted between the countries during the aftermath of war. Russia, being an ally of China for years, will likely remain neutral in case of an attack from China in Arunachal Pradesh or Ladakh. However, the current infrastructure does not permit India to sever all defence ties with Russia, as India faces threats from the west, the north and even the military jungta regime in the east.

So, what is the solution?

The short term solution is to abstain from voting in the UN and side with neither NATO nor Russia. The long term solution is ‘Atmanirbhar’ in defence. ‘Atmanirbhar’ means self-dependent, which likely will reduce dependency of Indian defence to foreign countries. However, it is easier said than done. India need to produce up-skilling in various technology fields, need good leadership in defence drills and trainings, and also produce all or most of the raw materials. As the Prime Minister of India said, we are moving towards being ‘Atmanirbhar’ in the near future, India’s prime focus of being self-dependent should now be on the defence industry.

Written by – Himadri Paul

EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA

Erasmus, once quoted that“The main hope of a nation lies in the proper education of its Youth “.

But the education of a citizen of a country depends primarily on its education system. Unfortunately,the education system in India is not the best one. Lack of reforms and improvements are making it quite boring and ineffective. There are many factors that are leading this problem of students’ disinterest in schooling and appears to be a burden.

LOOPHOLES IN INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM:

☆ The lack of sufficient funds is the main the problem in the development of tutoring. The government must increase the allocation of funds in the teaching sector so that it can develop.

☆ Frequent absenteeism is a huge problem in government schools and thus the nation suffers bit by bit every single day.

☆ The biggest problem which it has to face is the poor grading system. It judges the intelligence of a student on the basis of academics which is in the form of exam papers. This becomes problematic for students who are not good at specific subjects.

☆ Students are pressurised to gain good marks,which they do by just mugging up instead of understanding the concept thoroughly.

☆ Lack of proper infrastructure.

☆ Lack of qualified teachers creates a huge problem in developing the educational sector in India.

Many policies have been introduced by our government to overcome the drawbacks of our teaching system, Like SarvShikshaAbhiyan,an initiative by the government of India to provide basic education to all the children at least the till the age of 14.Government worked with the main ideology that being educated is the right of all.

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which was approved by the Union Cabinet of India on 29th July 2020, primarily implemented to improve the entire teaching method in India with its main I focus on education and learning and make “India a global knowledge superpower”. The last education policy has been implemented in 1986, 34 years ago, which was slightly amended in 1992.

national education policy

If we walk about the key features of NEP 2020,then basically it emphasizesholistic and multidisciplinary education for prospective students.

But the fact that willthe new education policy i.e. NEP 2020 succeed in removingthe loophholes in the current education system in India?

Our government has framed policies regarding the education system, but it’s success still lies in its implementation.

The government must emphasize on the proper implementation of the orders and check whether everything is happeningas per plan. Solelyforming policies and programswon’t work. Ground check of policy implementation is of utmost importance.

Therefore it is a great beginning. Althougheducation has come a long way and changes are visible,we need to do a lot more in the coming time.

So, our policymakers must look into the problem to make a better system that is more practical and provides hands-on learning to the students.

The true education system would indeed assist us to master our destiny.

Written by Ankita Singh