Qualitative Learning versus Quantitative Learning

“The capacity to learn is a gift; the ability to learn is a skill; the willingness to learn is a choice”

It is truly said that education is the most powerful tool to enlighten and empower the mind and to change the world. It is an effective way to fight poverty & illiteracy.

Education dispels ignorance & darkness from minds and stimulates us to think better. We must stress good quality, sound education. One must pay attention to the individual needs and impart knowledge as every person is unique so that he can be a champion in his field of passion. As a society, we can only prosper if encourage and nurture individual talents and interests and not force things upon people.

Quantitative education involves voluminous academic material, but awakening & stimulation of the mind is not in proportion. It encourages rote learning and massive course without thinking about their relevance and practicality. It promotes ‘herd behaviour’ which results in people learning things they don’t want to just because they are being told to. Education and learning become burdensome and monotonous after a period of time. Rote learning results in students mugging things up a few days before the exams and then letting it all out on the examination day resulting in them forgetting all the information once and for all. This defeats the purpose of learning itself! All students should be discouraged to do role mugging and initiate the process of original thinking.

Effective learning is only possible when attention is paid to quality & not quantity. Education is made interactive and interesting by stressing qualitative learning by talking about it in a fun and interactive way, making it relatable and easy to remember. THIS is what true learning is! Learning is a lifelong process and this truly justifies that.

Written by – Sushmitra Dahal

Study from Home vs Work from Home

Study from home and work from home have become a new normal in Covid-19 pandemic. There are mixed reviews on both of them, with some pressing on the opening of educational institutions and offices, while others prefer the continuation of the new normal even after the pandemic. In this article, we will discuss the pros and cons of these two new normal lives.

Study from home is an unavoidable situation in Covid-19 times when all the educational institutions are closed following Government rules. Most students fail to follow up on what is taught in schools. They have to rely on private tuitions and Google or Youtube to learn the concepts well. Assignments and homework have increased drastically which have started interfering with the time a student used previously for revision or making notes. Many students have also become slow at writing, which will greatly impact their performance in exams in offline mode. Online exams are not the best way to test a student’s knowledge or development unless it is a competitive exam.

One major advantage of studying from home is that the journey time to school or college is now saved. Also, studying for competitive exams is best done from home so that we can focus more on academics or work. There is a third advantage for the teachers that now there is less interference by talkative students.

Work from home is an optional situation that is given to most employees who work on computers in digital platforms. The hospital sector is the most required sector at this time, hence it is operated fully as work from the office. Other offline service sectors like hotels, retail, transportation also have no choice but work from the office or centre. However, employees have been allowed far greater flexibility in schedule due to lack of transportation, leading to employee satisfaction.

India’s largest industry, the IT industry, operates almost entirely in online platforms and requires little presence in offline mode. Hence, almost all IT employees worked from home in the pandemic situation. IT requires skill development with growing skills in the Indian digital market. Hence, the time of journey to the office can be utilized better by working from home. The business team, sponsor or sales team, and management team can also operate from home in most sectors. Audit works, on-site monitoring works, and also works involving a lot of printing, photocopy, or scan have employees following a mixed or hybrid pattern of work.

The current scenario is fruitful for most businesses and many companies are looking forward to applying such a pattern even after the pandemic. Save on electricity bills, resources, journey hours, accommodation costs, and also involving more employees at work are the most common pros for work from home. Lack of interaction between team members and leads, lack of gossip after work, and lack of participation in activities outside of the offices are some cons of working from home. A hybrid model can do away with the cons, and include most of the pros except accommodation costs for people living far away from offices.

Written by – Sushmitra Dahal

Medical negligence – A Biggest Sin

In this period, deaths and injuries caused by medical negligence is commonly seen. When Medical practitioners or doctors or nurses failed to take care of patients it result in deaths or injuries. So, here in this article we talks about types of medical negligence and how to claim compensation and what are the procedures for complaint. We also discuss about relevant case laws and legislative measures in this article.

Medical negligence is an unpardonable sin” in this world all humans are making mistakes, no one is perfect here. It includes doctors also who are equal to god who are saving our lives. It is also a noble profession. In this era, there are more medical negligence cases is being increased because of unprofessional medical practitioners. In this article we are going to discuss about this issues.

Medical negligence is done by Doctors or Medical practitioners for not providing enough medical advice or enough care which results to breach of their duty such as death or medical injuries. In recent years there are many cases filed in India due to medical negligence. “To err is human” is the common thing which faced by all humans so the doctors are no exception to this.

TYPES OF MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE:

  • Misdiagnosis
  • Surgical error
  • Wrong site surgery
  • Unnecessary surgery
  • Delayed diagnosis
  • Errors in anesthesia
  • Labor malpractice
  • Negligent in c- section
  • Prescription errors
  • Negligent in medical advice
  • Pregnancy and birth injuries
  • Dental negligence
  • Negligence in skin treatment

ESSENTIALS:

  1. The doctor must have responsibility to take care of the patients.
  2. The doctor must committed the negligence which means breach of their duty
  3. The patient must suffered damages due to the negligence done by medical practitioner.

                         In the case of Dr. Laxman Balkrishna Joshi V. Dr. Trimbark Babu Godbole & Anr[1], it held that when a patient consult to doctor, the doctor owes certain duties such as duty of care.

EXAMPLES:

  1. Not giving proper medical advice to patients
  2. Giving improper prescription
  3. Leaving an object during surgery such as bondage, scissors, cotton, and so on.

BURDEN OF PROOF:

The burden of proof laid upon on the complainant. It is the essential one of the medical negligence. In the case of Calcutta medical research institute V. Bimalesh chatterjee[2], it was held that onus of proofs against negligence of medical practitioners is completely depend upon complainant only.

The law requires higher standard of evidence to prove the negligence against a doctor. In Kanhaiya kumar singh V. Park medicare & research centre[3], it was held that negligence has to established not to presumed.

PROVISIONS:

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS:

  • ARTICLE 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty

No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.

  • ARTICLE 32 – Right to constitutional remedies

It has right to go for Supreme court by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of rights.

CRIMINAL LAW:

Code of criminal procedure amendment 1973 (C.C.P)

                                        When it is proved that the negligent act is performed with Men Rea (guilty mind) he shall be punished under C.C.P Amendment 1973. The intention to behave in such negligent way shall be proved to make a doctor liable under criminal law.

INDIAN PENAL CODE:

           Section 52Nothing is said to be done or believed in “good faith” which is done or believed without due care and attention.
            Section 80Nothing is an offence which is done by accident or misfortune, and without any criminal intention or knowledge in the doing of a lawful act in a lawful manner by lawful means and with proper care and caution.
    Section 81Nothing is an offence merely by reason of its being done with the knowledge that it is likely to cause harm, if it be done without any criminal intention to cause harm, and in good faith for the purpose of preventing or avoiding other harm to person and property.
              Section 88Nothing which is not intended to cause death, is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause, or be intended by the doer to cause, or be known by the doer to be likely to cause, to any person for whose benefit it is done in good faith, and who has given a consent, whether express or implied to suffer that harm, or to take the risk of that harm.
      Section 90A Consent is not such a consent as is intended by any section of this code, if the consent is given by a person under fear of injury, or under a misconception of fact, and if the person doing the act knows, or has reason to believe, that the consent was given in consequene of such fear or misconception.
            Section 304ACausing death by negligence- whoever causes the death of any person by doing of any person by doing rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine or with both.
     Section 312 to 316Causing Miscarriage
     Section 319 to 322Causing grievous hurt
     Section 336 to 339Act of endangering life or personal safety of others
     Section 345Wrongful confinement

OTHER LAWS:

  • Consumer Protection Act, 1986

Victims can claim damages for medical negligence against a doctor or Medical Practitioners. Section 69 (1) of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019 laid down that complaint must be filed within 2 years from the date of an incident.

  • Indian Medical Council Act, 1956

Any person who has incurred damages due to the act of any doctor’s negligence can file a complaint with respective council. In the last few years the Indian Medical Council has started taking severe steps for improvement in standard medical practice and medical ethics. However, the council only has power to punish the doctor and cancel their registration for their negligent behaviour but does not have the power to provide compensation for the victim of such misconduct.

RELEVANT CASE LAWS:

CHANDIGARH CLINICAL LABORATORY V. JAGJEET KAUR[4]

The National consumer disputes redressal commission upheld the findings of the district and state commission and further held that the appellant had “duty of care” to give accurate findings to the patient and the failure of the appellant to take due care shall amount to medical negligence.

    JAGADISH RAM V. STATE OF H.P[5]

It was held that before performing any surgery the chart revealing information about the amount of anesthesia ad allergies of the patient should be mentioned so that an anesthetic can provide sample amount of medicines to the patient. The doctor in above case failed to do so as a result of the overdose of anesthesia the patient died and the doctor was held liable for the same.

    GIAN CHAND V. VINOD KUMAR SHARMA[6]

It was held that shifting of the patient from one ward to another inspite of requirement of instant treatment to be given to the patient resulting in damage to the patient’s health then the doctor or administrator of the hospital shall be held liable under negligence.

    MR.M.RAMESH REDDY V. STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH[7]

          The hospital authorities were held to be negligent, inter alia, for not keeping the bathroom clean, which resulted in the fall of an obstetrics patient in the bathroom leading to her death.

    JAGDISH PRASAD SINGH V. DR.A.K. CHATTERJEE[8]

         The state consumer disputes Redressal commission of Jharkhand had observed that the accused had failed to take due care to return the precise findings in the reports. Whether harm came to the patient or not would not be the criteria for case against negligence.

HOW CAN COMPLAINT:

Victims can complaint against doctors when it completes the essentials of medical negligence. A Complaint can be filed in State Medical Council or in State Consumer Courts or in Criminal Courts. If our aim is to achieve monetary compensation then we can approach Consumer Courts. The Consumer Courts can cancel the license of doctors in some cases.

REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO PATIENTS:

  • MEDICAL COUNCIL OF INDIA:

Any aggrieved person can claim damages due to negligence of doctors which cause death or injury with respective council. Here the council have powers to punish the doctors and to cancel their registration. It has no power to compensate the victims for such negligent behaviour.

  • CIVIL LIABILITY:

Victim can file a complaint before a civil court or can complaint before the consumer Forum under consumer protection act,1986 against doctors who committed negligence by this we can claim damages in the form of compensation.

  • CRIMINAL LIABILITY:

We can approach criminal court when only it arises death or serious injury which causes to life long term due to medical negligence under section 304-A of Indian Penal Code, 1860 by claiming relief for the negligence.

Patients completely believe the doctors who save the people lives. Medical practitioners have to deal with them carefully even they attain some mistakes in some cases. Medical tools such as scissors, Knife should be should be handled correctly.If any mistakes occur it suffers the patients life as well as their in long term. Indian Laws have to be reform in more ways.


[1]Dr. Laxman Balkrishna Joshi V. Dr. Trimbark Babu Godbole & Anr , AIR 1969 SC 128

[2]Calcutta Medical Research Institute V. Bimalesh Chatterjee , Appeal No. 388 of 1994

[3]Kanhaiya Kumar Singh V. Park Medicare & Research centre , 1999 CPJ 9

[4] Chandigarh clinical laboratory V. Jagjeet kaur ,30 August 2007

[5]Jagadish Ram V. State of H.P ,AIR 2007

[6]Gian Chand V. Vinod Kumar Sharma , AIR 2007

[7]Mr.M. Ramesh Reddy V. State of Andhra Pradesh ,2003 (1) CLD 81 (AP SCDRC)

[8]Jagadish Prasad singh V. Dr.A.K.Chatterjee , 23 October, 2008

Written By – Sushmitra Dahal

The Meme coin that Elon wants to take to the moon.

The Beginning.

Dogecoin created as a joke based on a popular meme featuring a Shiba Inu (a Japanese breed of dog). By IBM software engineer Billy Markus from Portland and Adobe software engineer Jackson Palmer, who set out to create a digital currency that could reach a broader demographic than Bitcoin. It is an open-source, peer-to-peer cryptocurrency that started in 2013 as a way to satirize the hype surrounding cryptocurrencies. It based on Litecoin. Users could buy, sell and exchange DogeCoin from popular Digital Currency Exchanges like Binance, Coinbase, WazirX, namely a few.

The Rise of Dogecoin.

Dogecoin started as something of a joke meme of sorts, but after it was created, it gained a following. In 2017 it also Joined the crypto bubble that got the values of so many coins up significantly. But shortly after the bubble burst in 2018, Dogecoin lost much of its value, like others, but it still had core supporters who trade it and use it to tip content creators on Twitter, Reddit and Twitch( Mostly used for gamers for live streaming).

The Boom.

Basically, the valuation of a particular coin depends on News, among other factors, of course. In the world of Crypto, positive News like being supported by a big company Or a famous person investing in a particular coin can do wonders for the whole crypto market.

It was Feb of 2021, just two days after Elon Musk(CEO of Tesla Inc.) said he was going take a break from Twitter “for a while.” Suddenly came up with a Tweet Musk first tweeted “Doge” and immediately followed it up with “Dogecoin is the people’s crypto.” In the past, Musk has been in support of Crypto, even going as far as accepting Bitcoin as a mode of payment in Tesla Inc. After that Tweet, The valuation of Dogecoin has Skyrocketed From 3.77 INR in Early Feb to being just shy of 30 INR In early April. And so on and so froth Elon has been supporting Doge ever since through his tweets Even say in one of his tweets “Doge Barking at the Moon.”

Written By – Shubham Kaushik

The Cost of being Poor!

We are ending an era of consciousness that has been very destructive. Now it’s deteriorating by the plethora of means and entering into an accession process which is nothing but a global shift of consciousness into a far more heart-centred, a balance to move back into our heart centred awareness and humanity previously got disconnected from the hearts and soul at such as exponential level. Thus, at such a rapid exponential speed.

They were bringing in a lot of unconsciousness in so many ways. The complexity and enormity of the situation gate crushed each one into their cocoons sent back home. Everything shut down the lane. The 3rd and partially 2nd tier of the pyramid caused massive suffering. The farmers of the country, the factory’s daily wages, rickshaw pullers, three-wheelers income, everything triggered from top to bottom Since they are uneducated and victimized in a broader spectrum.

The contagious and vicious cycle of COVID 19 has triggered the efficiency-oriented competitive world of ambitious struggle. It has halted the entire humanity. Alike an absolute mutation, a total transformation of the whole structure and the nature of the human dimension will take place in quarantine, and the output would be the essential, productive us! The crisis is vast, but we are humans (We imprint our roots largely, and nothing is complicated for us to tackle out). COVID is a phase that’ll way by soon, a transition that’ll transform the human tic mindset. At the threshold of the third millennium, it’s time for the inner revolution to arise.

All outer revolution has precipitated. It’s fundamentally shattered. For instance, beings need new psychology to understand themselves—the pauperism, in contrast, to the pandemics it way beyond money and cyclic life. Poverty is stamped/imprinted to beings mindset. If one believes and inclines to the conscious/aware self, it’ll be eventually rich or poor. Poverty is fleshed far from the vicious convolutive cycle of pauperism. We’re supposed to devise a strategy new for psychology to understand oneself, connect to the roots to the depth and respond constructively. “The Catholic ic idea is a relief for the poor”.

The semantics of buddha comply: there is no need for any poverty in the world. Poverty is man-created, and it is in our hands to destroy poverty. But all the religions have emphasized relief for the poor. But relief for the poor is not charity. It does not love”. Wealth can give you all one can purchase in life. Wealth can buy almost everything aspect those spiritual values love, compassion, enlightenment, freedom, but these few things are exceptions, and exception always proves the rule. All the religions have been against life. They were bound to be against money, which is a natural result.

Life needs money, comforts and worldly desires of satisfaction. Metaphorically and sweeping generalizations, the beauty of literature, music, poetry is imbibed by the so-called poor. The “POORS eyes the landscape of vision and display of life”. During the grey shades of corona followed by quarantine. It’s time to showcase the unventured being’s dimension. On that sketchier note, no man is no only man. No women are no only women, both women and man is both man and women. One of the most remarkable insights ever attained. Life is a spirit, not a marathon. We’re all diagonalized in the parallel universe. The tip of the iceberg is that life is a mysterious vicious path to redemption and displays a quest for inspiration for one and all. “RETURNING TO THE SOURCE “WE WANT TO REALIZE THE TRUTH BUT CAN’T LIVE WITH IT. BECAUSE KNOWING THE REALITY OF THE TRUTH IS FAR EASY THAN LIVING IN IT!!!! You are an ordinary existence.

Raise the ordinary to the extraordinary. Start living and stop becoming. Losing time, energy, patience isn’t my forte. This acquiring state would never halt. Cherish the relish of the iota of originality. We’re born ordinary, just like everything in the universe. Whatever you conceive is all that you perceive.

My vision is of a rebel, of a man in the quest to seek the essential self, authentic self and a reimagination of oneself, chucking its greedy excitement of worldly affairs. Thus, in a nutshell, days shall flip from dusk to dawn squirm with textures of existence.

You’re the most significant insights ever attained. Giving a sanitized version of the topic, I’ll quote it: To rebel is to be revolutionary.

-by Devika Soni

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