Kashmir Issue – Bilateral or not?

According to the Shimla Agreement signed in 1972 between India and Pakistan, the Kashmir issue was to be solved bilaterally, without involving a third party. However, Pakistan seems to always forget that, and has time and again raised issues over Kashmir in the United Nations General Assembly and other international organizations. India every time has to remind Pakistan and the international organizations that Kashmir is a bilateral issue following the terms of the Shimla Agreement.

Every year at almost every international platform, Pakistan raked up the Kashmir issue since the signing of the 1972 Shimla Agreement. India has abided by the Accord and has never raised the issue on international platforms. On the contrary, India has always tried to reach an agreement with Pakistan over the Kashmir issue and has initiated dialogues and round table conferences to solve the issue. However, Pakistan’s state-sponsored terrorism led to a temporary halt in dialogues in 2019. Like Pakistan, India could have raised the known fact that a big chunk of Kashmir is illegally and forcibly occupied by Pakistan. According to the Instrument of Accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh, the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir including Ladakh union territory and Pakistan occupied part is a part of India. Pakistan, right from independence has been the occupier and India has always maintained that Pakistani troops should vacate the occupied part of Jammu and Kashmir.

Many sovereign countries and international organizations have maintained that a referendum should decide the fate of Jammu and Kashmir, whether it would join India or Pakistan or remain independent. The third option is considered practically impossible as Kashmir is a mountainous country, with limited resources and is surrounded by three nuclear giants looking to occupy it. The referendum was a good option in the early stages of the conflict. However, to conduct a referendum, the prior event was that Pakistan had to withdraw its troops from Kashmir, which it never did. After 75 years, the referendum is hardly meaningful when Pakistan abolished the state subject rule in 1971 and made widespread demographic changes in the territory it occupies. Bilateral talk remains the one and only way to solve the dispute peacefully, which the rulers of Pakistan are never understanding.

Of late, India’s secretary at the United Nations General Assembly, Sneha Dubey, lashed out at Pakistan for harboring terrorists and inciting violence in the Kashmir region of India. She reminded the world that while championing its cause for Kashmir, Pakistan commits gross human rights violations and genocide against religious minorities and people of the part of Kashmir it occupies. She also urged Pakistan to respect the territorial integrity of India and vacate from the region it occupies.

Written by – Himadri Paul


“I hate war as only a soldier who has lived it can, only as one who has seen its brutality, its futility, its stupidity.” – Dwight D. Eisenhower


The world has tremendously changed since 1962, 1965 and 1971. Now, the world has become better and worst. With the Azerbaijan-Armenia war going on people have accepted the fact that war is the ultimate solution for the problems.

We, in India are crying for war. On social media, the so called Social media warriors cried out loud for war with China and Pakistan. People living in the comforts of their home are looking to launch a war.

On the other hand, Pakistanis are calling out names to Indians and telling them that, China will beat Indians to its core. Indians are inciting Pakistanis by telling them that this Winter, we will take back Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK). Some are providing theories about the strategy Indian Government is going to follow.

The Two-Front war is an option for the Indian government.

Let’s see what we are betting on and the mistakes of the Past Indian Governments

We have the highest number of volunteers in the world who are willing to join the Indian Armed forces without any compulsion on their part. There are no need to serve the Army under any compulsory provisions unlike- Israel, China and South Korea. We have a Tibetan origin citizens inducted in the armed forces and serving the country and are very good along the Mountain Terrains fighting along side.

We have come a long way since 1962, a blunder by then Prime Minister Mr. JawaharLal Nehru who was blind to not see the Chinese invasion as a threat, country who has just engulfed an entire nation ‘TIBET’. And asked the Generals of the army to keep an eye on Pakistan instead of China.The man who ran to the UN asking for peace refused to use Indian Air Force against China, sometimes it feels like Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru was under the influence of a foreign power who forced him to take these decisions on China that resulted in “THE MOUNTAIN BLUNDER OF 1962”.

Later, the Government of India recognised ‘TIBET’ as the part of China putting an end to the ‘TIBET Freedom Struggle’. Our own Defence minister told the Parliament during the UPA government tenure that, We didn’t make roads along the China Border to counter China from the threat of Invasion.

So as per him, the government policy was not to develop roads so that, if China invaded, they couldn’t get their heavy war machines inside India. But, we couldn’t understand one thing, how the Indian Armed Forces will get reinforcements and their heavy machinery along the border if we don’t have road in case of war.

All these years we have thought of the ‘MOUNTAIN BLUNDER’ and had a ‘RED RIBBON’ on our eyes when we talk about war. We are the major importer of substandard Chinese products and have a huge trade deficit with China.

The world has changed a lot
How come we never talk about Aksai chin glacier? Why do we only talk about POK?

Aksai chin is under the control of the Chinese PLA. But, in the Map of India, our schools taught about POK but never about the parts that Chinese PLA has illegally occupied and have captured many parts along Indian Border overtime during the last 70 years.


They refrained themselves from using the Indian Air Force. What was the compulsion on the Indian Government that forced them to accept the annexation of Tibet into China even though Dalai Lama was given asylum in India. Why these government in the Past have bowed down to every whims and desires of the Chinese government without taking a stand against the Chinese aggression.

These so called Padma Shree awardees are a disgrace to the country and have did nothing to stop the Chinese from bullying us. We have been bullied for the last 70 years and now for the first time we understood how Fragile and spinelees the Chinese Aggression is because we took a stand for our country. And yeah it is the time to win back what is ours. We have a long history of Patience and an image of non-aggressor.

It’s time for the Chinese or Pakistanis to go on a cry for help to United Nations, not India. Not Today…! 

A test for the United Nations?

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To read on Sino-India war: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/topic/Sino-India