BLACK FUNGUS – AN EPIDEMIC

What is black fungus:-.

Black fungus targeting covid-19 patients in India:-

India has reported infections with mucormycosis, often termed “Black fungus”, in patients with covid-19 positive and recovering from coronavirus. In March 2021, 41 cases of covid-19 associated with mucormycosis had been documented around the world, with 70 per cent in India. Reports recommended the number of cases is presently a lot higher, which is evident given the current flood of covid-19 disease in India. Earlier mucormycosis was not notified like malaria, and hence its cases were not recorded and not stored in a database. Till now, there is no official figure on the total points of black fungus. The union health ministry for state and union territories to declare black fungus as an epidemic.

Specialists accept mucormycosis, which has a general death pace of half, might be being set off by using steroids, a daily existence saving treatment for extreme and fundamentally sick Covid-19 patients.

Steroids lessen aggravation in the lungs for Covid-19 and seem to help stop a portion of the harm that can happen when the body’s insusceptible framework goes into overdrive to fend off Covid. However, they additionally lessen invulnerability and push up glucose levels in the two diabetics and non-diabetic Covid-19 patients.

It’s the idea that this drop in resistance could be setting off these instances of mucormycosis.

Symptoms of mucormycosis:-

According to medical experts, the primary fungus infection refaces, which is referred to as “rhino cerebral mucormycosis”, and may even cause different facial deformities.

1) Black crust around the nose- the formation of black crust, swelling in and around the nasal passage and the eyes in a particular attribute.

2) Headache and swelling around the forehead-perhaps the most extreme confusions with black fungus happens when it spreads to the cerebrum and causes anxious aggravation. Headaches, swelling redness, pain in the forehead could be initial signs.

3) Swelling in cheeks eyes are parts of the face- pain in the cheekbone are experiencing one-sided facial pain sore short of numbness, and it may also lead to skin infections.

4) Vision loss / partial blindness- Some office may undergo symptoms like redness in the eye, eye pain, partial blindness or loss of vision.

5) Pulmonary functions-as the moulds are inhaled by the patient, the fungi can spread and grow through the respiratory passage and affect the lungs. It causes nose bleeds, nasal blockage, cough, chest pain which are some respiratory systems connected to covid-19.

Challenges in treating black fungus:-

The treatment requires multidisciplinary skill because the contagious disease spreads through the nose and eyes and can arrive at the cerebrum.

Treatment included precisely eliminating all the dead and contaminated tissue. In certain patients, this may bring about loss of the upper jaw sometimes, even the eye.

The fix may likewise include a 4-6 week course of intravenous antifungal treatment. Since it influences different parts of the body, therapy requires a group of microbiologists, inside medication specialists, intensive nervous system specialists, ENT subject matter experts, ophthalmologists, dental specialists and others.

Controlling diabetes is one of the preeminent anticipation strategies proposed by ICMR. Thus Coronavirus patients who are diabetic need to take the most extreme consideration. The prevention is checking our sugar levels on time and proper intake of food. Patients recovering from covid-19 should be tested in time to keep their right diabetic level. Doctors have to be precise with the black fungal infection treatment drugs on intravenous antifungal injection that is said to be effective in preventing the black fungus. The price of this medicine is said to be around 3500 INR. According to the data, there has been a reduction of 99 per cent of the disease in patients after introducing this drug. Self medicine and over measurements of steroids can bring about lethal occasions, and consequently, specialists’ solutions ought to be stringently followed.

Source:- The Indian express, NDTV, BBC, CNN

Written by – R Mohamed Irfan

Vaccines for Covid-19

Novel coronavirus, which emerged from Wuhan city, China, in 2019 (thus called Covid-19), caused havoc worldwide. It is a new virus, and nothing was known about it when it outbroke in various countries. However, in record time, research was conducted, which came up with some valuable measures to control the spread of the virus. Wearing a mask, frequent sanitization, and maintaining social distancing are some of the control measures taken throughout the world. However, that was not enough to stop the virus from spreading or save someone from dying. The most crucial need of the hour was a vaccine that can protect all from the virus and be safe for human use.

Many vaccines circulating throughout the world are partially effective for Covid-19 treatment (no vaccine has claimed 100% efficacy yet). Each vaccine has its own specialities and drawbacks. Also, the governments of many countries have circulated only a particular vaccine among their citizens.

So let us find out which vaccine is available in your country and which vaccine is suitable for you.

1)Sputnik V :
In record time, Russia made the world’s first vaccine for Covid-19, the Sputnik V, on August 11, 2020. The vaccine underwent widespread trials throughout Russia and was deemed both safe and effective. It also has a high efficacy of 91.6%, as reported in phase 3 trials. Sputnik V is a viral vector vaccine that is given in two doses 3-10 weeks apart. Viral vector vaccines contain live viruses that produce immunity to fight the primary Covid-19 disease. Although the two doses are different, immunity is provided by both the vectors together. It is widely available in Russia and China and is planned to be manufactured by many other countries, including Hungary, South Korea, India, Bangladesh and Argentina. India got its approval for the use of Sputnik V in late April amid difficult pandemic situation in the country. The first batch of Sputnik V arrived on May 1, 2021, and more collections are to come soon.

2)Covaxin :
One of the earliest vaccines to be found effective was India’s indigenously developed Covaxin by Bharat Biotech and the Indian Council of Medical Research. It is an inactivated vaccine where dead Covid-19 are injected which do not cause any infection but can trigger the immune system to produce antibodies. Its efficacy is 81% in phase 3 trials and can 100% eliminate severe symptoms. With research showing promising results, it got approval in India on January 3, 2021, and has been subsequently transported to many countries, including Mauritius, Paraguay, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. Philippines, Iran and Mexico have also approved Covaxin on emergency use.

3)Covishield :
The Oxford-Astrazeneca vaccine is called by its brand name Covishield in India. It was invented by Oxford University in collaboration with AstraZeneca and was approved in the UK in early December 2020. It was also the first vaccine to be approved by India along with Covaxin for emergency use on January 3, 2020. It consists of a weakened form of a common cold virus (an adenovirus) from chimpanzees modified to look like coronavirus. This viral vector vaccine is given in two doses which contain the same virus. Covishield claims 70% efficiency after the first dose and nearly 90% efficiency after the second dose (given after 12 weeks) and can 100% eliminate a severe infection. The two doses are given at an interval of 4 to 12 weeks, where increasing the gap between the doses tends to increase the efficiency. It has been approved by a large number of countries, including the US, the UK, the European Union, and many African and South Asian countries. It shows very rare side-effects of blood clotting, for which it is being considered to be banned in some European countries like Denmark, the reason being unknown. However, it is otherwise very effective and is widely available all across India, with Indian people hardly receiving any side effects.

4)Pfizer-BioNTech :
This is one of the best vaccines to prevent Covid-19 treatment with efficacy reaching 95%, developed jointly by Pfizer and BioNTech. It is also the first vaccine approved by WHO for emergency use on December 31, 2020. It is approved in developed countries like the US, the UK, Canada, Australia, the European Union, Switzerland and Singapore. It is a nucleoside-modified mRNA encoding a mutated form of the full-length spike protein of the Covid-19 virus. It is a two-dose vaccine with a gap of 21 days. Despite its popularity, minimal side-effects and availability, its main drawback is the storage facility. This vaccine should work only when stored and handled at a shallow temperature of -60℃ to -90℃. Unfortunately, no such super-cold storage facilities are available in India, nor do the supply chains. Thus it is not approved by the Indian Government at the present scenario.

5)Moderna :
Moderna is another high-efficiency vaccine invented by Moderna, the United States Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority. Similar to Pfizer-BioNTech, it involves nucleoside-modified mRNA encoding a mutated form of the spike protein of Covid-19. It is given in 2 doses at a gap of 28 days. It also required ultra-cold storage facilities, which are not available in India at present. Hence the vaccine is yet to be approved by the Indian Government. It also has around 95% efficiency.

6)Sinopharm :
Sinopharm just got its approval from WHO on May 7, 2021, and it became the first non-Western approved vaccine. Sinopharm is developed in a traditional way as an inactivated vaccine similar to Covaxin. Sinopharm is developed in China, the country from where the virus originated. Sinopharm shows overall efficiency of 79%, while some countries like UAE and Bahrain reported 86% efficiency in their phase 3 trials. It is authorized for general use in Bahrain, UAE and Seychelles apart from China, while it is approved for emergency use in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Maldives. It is also a two-dose vaccine with an interval of around 21 to 28 days in between. It is not yet approved in India.

So which vaccine is available in your area? The vaccine in your area most likely to be safe for you as it is been approved by your country. Mention in the comment section how you feel after taking a vaccine dose.

Don’t forget that exercise is a good way to increase the efficacy of the vaccine. A few days after taking the vaccine dose you can start off with light exercises and yoga which is shown to boost antibody development. You can buy a yoga mat for your daily exercises by clicking here.

All the information is sourced from reliable sources on the internet and is not the author’s personal views.

Written by – Himadri Paul

What is Real Feminism?

Feminism is the theory of political, economic, and social equality of the sexes, also known as ~gender equality~. It is a simple notion that women are people, and they are equal. It isn’t asking for anything but equal rights and opportunities. However, more often than not, its meaning gets manipulated by male chauvinists to indicate that it’s a moment meant to demean men, which is so not the case.

In no way does it mean that we hate our men. Men of quality support equality. Both conscious and unconscious gender bias is rampant within us, and to get rid of it, we need to come to terms with the fact that we are the problem, but we are the solution.

Thousands believe in equal rights but find “feminism” a word and a movement that doesn’t align with their personal believes or values. May I ask them why is that? Don’t we have a word for everything in this world? In what way could a word that is just conveying its meaning be offending to someone? You believe in equality but not in feminism is a catastrophe because they aren’t mutually exclusive. It’s common sense. It just asks women to be placed on the same level as men, neither higher nor lower, and get the same treatment in both positive and negative situations.

It strives to shine a light on the deep-rooted patriarchy and misogyny embedded in our society and provides ways to fix it. It is essential that your feminism is intersectional and doesn’t exclude people based on their religion, race, and socio-economic status. It needs to be for everyone and not categorically for the people you like or dislike. A big part of feminism is letting women do whatever the hell they want to. This includes supporting them when they want to become the president and supporting them when they don’t want to work and stay home. Personally, it means not giving the reigns of my life to a male simply because I’m a woman and he’s a man; To get disrespected and not have my opinion heard because of my gender; to not have a seat at the table because of my gender. All of this doesn’t make any sense, especially in the 21st century, because any given woman possesses as much power and potential as any man does. And to that section of people at the back who couldn’t care any less about this because they simply don’t see the discrimination and injustice going around, you must either have buttons for eyes or are simply blinded by the amazing combination of your extreme faux notion and idea of equality on the outside and your inner male superiority complex. Feminism isn’t about making women stronger. Women are already strong. It’s about changing the way the world perceives that strength.

As the glorious Letty Cottin Pogrebin’s rightly said, “When men are oppressed, it’s a tragedy, but when women are oppressed, its tradition”. And in my humble opinion dumping that tradition out of the park is exactly what feminism is about.

Written by – Radhika Ahuja

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