All-Weather Connectivity to Remote Parts of India

All-weather connectivity applies to remote villages all over India. Many small villages and isolated houses in India become inaccessible during the monsoon. Due to the scope of limitation of this article, we will discuss large regions that are cut off from the rest of the country at least for a month. This mainly includes regions around the northern border of India. As India moves towards a developed nation, developing road and rail connectivity to these parts becomes necessary. Also, the defense sector will be immensely benefited to position troops precisely at target locations quickly.

1)Kashmir :

Dal Lake in Kashmir

One of the most hostile regions in the country, Kashmir, is a remote, picturesque valley tucked away in the lap of the Himalayas. Pakistan has also claimed Kashmir since 1947, for which India and Pakistan have fought at least 3 wars in 1947, 1965, and 1971. The Kashmir valley is not as easily accessible to India as it is to Pakistan. At present, only two roads connect Kashmir with the rest of India. One is through the Banihal pass, covering Patnitop, Banihal, and Qazigund. Two big tunnels, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee tunnel at Chenani below the Patnitop hill station and the Banihal-Qazigund road tunnel below the Banihal pass, have made the road an all-weather one. The former was inaugurated in April 2016, while the latter was completed in August 2021. The Banihal-Qazigund road tunnel now awaits a formal inauguration, after which we can say that all-weather connectivity with Kashmir has been established. The other road is the old Mughal road via Akhnoor, Poonch, Shopian, which is inaccessible for 6 months in winter. The Udhampur-Baramulla railway line is partially complete between Udhampur and Katra stations and Banihal to Baramulla stations. The missing gap of around 111 Km between Katra and Banihal is expected to be completed by 2022.

2)Ladakh :

Pangong Tso Lake in Ladakh

Ladakh is one of the most remote places in entire India, which is cut off for 6 months in winter from the rest of India. At present, Ladakh is connected to India through only two roads, one via Zojila pass and another via Baralacha La pass. Both the passes are covered in a thick blanket of snow from early winter up to mid-summer. This makes Ladakh totally inaccessible except for emergency supplies via Leh airport. Currently, two tunnels, Z-Morh tunnel and Zojila tunnel are under construction in the Zojila pass route. These two tunnels will provide all-weather connectivity to Kargil, though the same cannot be said for Leh as more passes are needed to be covered. The other route through Himachal Pradesh requires tunnels at Baralacha La, Lachulung La, and Taglang La passes to make it an all-weather route. There is no rail route at present between Ladakh and the rest of India. A third road is under construction via Shingo La pass, which will connect the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh with the Zanskar region of Ladakh.

3)Lahaul and Spiti :

Key Monastery in Lahaul and Spiti

Lahaul and Spiti forms the northern tribal districts of Himachal Pradesh. Lahaul and Spiti forms two different valleys, each connected to the rest of India via two separate roads. The Rohtang pass connects Lahaul while Spiti is connected through a narrow road via Reckong Peo, Nako. Both the roads are prone to heavy snowfall in winter. Lahaul and Spiti forms the gateway to Ladakh via Himachal Pradesh. After the inauguration of the Rohtang tunnel in September 2020, Lahaul is finally connected to the rest of India through an all weather road. Spiti is still too remote to be connected even in the near future. The road between these two valleys is through the high altitude Kunzum Pass, which is closed most of the year due to snow. There is no train connection to either of these two valleys.

4)Tawang :

Sela Pass in Tawang

The Tawang region of Arunachal Pradesh is connected to the rest of India through a single road through the Sela pass. The Sela pass is a high altitude pass, which is often blocked by snowfall in winter. To make an all-weather road to the Tawang district, two tunnels will be dug, one below the Sela pass and another at Nechiphu. These two tunnels will provide winter connectivity to Tawang. The construction of Sela tunnel has been started, while the work on the shorter Nechiphu tunnel will be taken up shortly. No rail connections to Tawang exists though a line via the nearest railhead at Bhalukpong is at the planning stage. Though legally a part of India, China claims the Tawang region for which it fought the 1962 Sino-India War. Defense of Tawang is a must at this hour. Hence an all-weather road and rail connectivity to Tawang is a priority to the Government of India.

5)Sikkim :

Gurudongmar Lake in North Sikkim

Sikkim is the smallest state of India in terms of population. Parts of Sikkim get road blockages due to heavy snowfall in winter or heavy rainfall followed by landslides during monsoon. Lachen and Lachung villages of the North Sikkim district face blockade during most of the winter period. Yuksom, Tsomgo Lake, and Nathu La pass region of West and East Sikkim, respectively, get blocked due to snow. The state is connected to the rest of India through only one major national highway, which often gets blocked in the monsoon. An all-weather train line is being laid from Sevoke railway station in West Bengal to Rangpo in Sikkim, which will provide transportation of heavy machinery to the fragile roads of the mountainous state. The Theng tunnel between Mangan and Chungthang of North Sikkim also reduced damage to the only road connecting Lachen and Lachung. The road conditions are being improved by the BRO.

Which of these is your favourite destination? Do mention in the comment section below.

Written by – Himadri Paul

Rising population: The major concern for the nation

 One of the gravest advancement gives most developing nations in the world are confronting is population. According to United Nations populace measurements, the total population rose by 30% somewhere in the range of 1990 and 2010 which is an alarmingly high rate. The unreasonable populace has different unfavorable impacts remembering undue weight for the natural resource. Likewise, the populace is certainly not an all universal challenge. It is explicit to countries whose economies have yet not accomplished maximum capacity and advancement.

     India’s en route to being the world’s most populated nation. This is bad news The rising populace is a worldwide issue today. India is the second-largest nation on the globe after China. Every seven individual on the globe is an Indian. Because of the blast of the populace in India and Gujarat, day by day issues can be seen. In India, the progression of the population rise is by all accounts seen that in the year 1891, the total populace of the nation was 23 crores 60 lakhs; in 1901, it was 23 crore 83 lakhs. Hence the number of inhabitants in the nation expanded by 23 lakhs in 10 years. That is, the yearly rise in the populace was under 2 lakhs. In 1991, India’s populace was 25 million and 20 million. Also, in 10 years the number of inhabitants in the nation was added to 1 corer 37 lake individuals. That is, the yearly development in populace is more than 11 lakhs. In any case, in 1921, the number of inhabitants in the nation diminished by 7 lakes 72 thousand individuals. Subsequently, in 1921 the number of inhabitants in India was moderate and whimsical After 1921 fast and consistent populace development is occurring in India. Consequently, the year 1921 is alluded to as the “great Year of the Year”. In the three decades somewhere in the range of 1921 and 1951, India’s populace has expanded by 2.7 crores and 4.24 corers individually, and the nation’s populace was 25 crores in 1921. It expanded to 36 crores in 1951; the number of inhabitants in India in the 50-year gala followed by 7.81 crores every year, 10.9, 13.3, 15.8 lastly in the 1991-multi decade, more than 18 crores populace was included. Accordingly, after 1921, there is a quick population rise in India. The number of inhabitants in 1901 was 23 crores 83 and it was 63. In the year 1963, it has been multiple times. The number of inhabitants in 43 crores lakhs of 1961, two in 1992, two of every 41 years. In 1951, India’s populace was 36 million, 10 lakhs, in 53 years, in 2004, there were three multiple – 108. This ago, India’s populace took 90 years to multiple times.

The current populace of India is 1,380,456,029 as of Tuesday, July 14, 2020, given Worldometer elaboration of the most recent United Nations information.

India 2020 populace is assessed at 1,380,004,385 individuals at midyear as per UN information.

India populace is proportionate to 17.7% of the complete total populace.

India positions number 2 in the rundown of nations (and conditions) by the populace.

The populace density in India is 464 for every Km2 (1,202 individuals for each mi2).

The all-out land area is 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles)

35.0 % of the populace is urban (483,098,640 individuals in 2020)

The median age in India is 28.4 years.

Our population will be at the top in world population graph by 2060

In the mid-2020s; India’s populace is expected to surpass China’. India’s populace will peak at 1.65 billion of every 2060 and start plunging after that as indicated by UN projections, however, a few demographers anticipate that the decrease should start decades sooner. Africa, notwithstanding, will keep on becoming as the century progressed, hitting 3 billion during the 2060s.

Why is it necessary to control our population?

Overpopulation is a trouble that can be fathomed distinctly with an apprehension of the natural resources and its interaction with individuals. The development of a national Indian arranging commission for populace control is seen as fundamental for propelling all individuals to reduce population size.

Without populace control, a blast of the population will occur and as an outcome, access to the fundamental needs of human presence will be significantly harder to get. Monetary development will be influenced if populace development goes unchecked.

Populace rise has two measurements: it is as a chance to accelerate monetary development, yet also, burden if it isn’t overseen appropriately.

 Population growth has two dimensions: it is as an opportunity to accelerate economic growth, but also a burden if it is not managed properly.

In the event, if we care about the ecosystem systems, other life on this planet we would control our populace rise. Our blossoming sapiens populace demands a tremendous measure of land, for the regular asset, for land for agribusiness to take care of ourselves, land for urban areas, this land and land use dislodge wildlife and natural surroundings. loss of habitat IS the main explanation species become wiped out, today!

Measures to control the rising population

The following are the best functional methods which can be utilized to control population rise:

Education

Education structures the foundation of an individual and economy. When instructed individuals know and comprehend the damages which a high population rise rate has. Educating, particularly women education, can do some amazing things in controlling the populace. An informed man and lady can promptly comprehend the advantages of a nuclear family. Without adequate instruction, most estimates like awareness campaigns and women strengthening will end up being deficient and inconsequential.

Delayed Marriages

The issue of child marriage is exceptionally noticeable in specific nations with high populace like India, Pakistan or Bangladesh. A marriage at a young age prompts a long-span for conceiving a child. Likewise, young marriage lack individuals of the education and awareness required to be delicate towards and comprehend the outcomes of bringing up so many children. A UN report has proposed that there would be a critical decrease in total populace if the legitimate for marriage is made 20 years.

Governmental Actions

Not much result can be achieved from these if family planning and use of contraception remain optional instead of mandatory. Strict legal steps are required for child marriage, education, the abolition of child labour and beggary and family planning to reap significant benefits from it. Proper enforcement of laws related to child labour, slavery and beggary will ensure that parents don’t sell their children or send them out to work thus forcing them to raise a lesser number of kids.

Providing Incentives

Incentives have to be a productive strategy measure in battling most rising issues including population. Giving health facilities, guidance or even monetary incentives can be exceptionally compelling to control the population. There are some motivation approaches like paying a certain sum of cash to individuals with not multiple children or free or limited instruction for the single kid and so forth which are set up in most developing nations confronting populace related difficulties and has likewise ended up being a valuable measure.

.Medical provisions

One major downside of developing nations is that of constrained and exceptionally driven medical services. Given the high country urban separation in creating nations, accessibility of good medical clinics and specialists is constrained to urban focuses accordingly bringing about high infant death rate in provincial territories. Rural individuals, to guarantee that probably a portion of their children endure, bring forth an ever-increasing number of children subsequently adding to the populace growth. if provided with ideal medical services, population rate will more likely to get decrease.

Spread Awareness

Individuals should be advised and made to comprehend the outcomes of having an excessive number of children. Government and non-government establishments can convey awareness advising individuals how they will be not able to give great sustenance, instruction or medical facilities to their kids on the off chance that they have too much. The populace is likewise an explanation behind ignorance and maladies and lack of healthy sustenance and its negative impacts are required to be imparted to the overall population to extend their thinking and comprehension.

Women Empowerment

In most developing nations, women are not viewed as comparable to men regarding power. Such conclusions are extremely common in Islamic nations and even India and Bangladesh. Gender discrimination is a significant explanation of populace development. Individuals continue bringing forth kids to have a larger number of a male child than females. Enabling lady with a state in issues concerning them like labour and instructing them to fight against discrimination will guarantee a healthy and mindful society.

Eradicate Poverty

Why most underdeveloped nations have the most elevated population growth rather than rich ones. poverty has a straight connection to populace rise. In developing nations of Asia and Africa, kid work, slave exchanging and human dealing are profoundly common. African nations for instance despite everything have the most extreme revealing of slave exchanging however exchanging of people is lawfully prohibited wherever on the globe. Individuals bring forth children and offer them to rich individuals who thus utilize these children in different arduous and unethical tasks. If not sell, these guardians power their children to ask or work at a delicate to procure some extra money for the family. These individuals accept that more children mean more hands for asking and work and in this manner more money. Without solid measures for development and destitution destruction, different techniques for populace control may end up being ineffectual.

Easy and Cheap availability of Contraceptives

Guaranteeing that individuals have simple and modest access to contraception devices will help to stay away from instances of undesirable pregnancies and births. Each state-owned hospitals ought to be made to give economically proficient anti-conception medication meds or medical procedures since poor have neither the methods, not attention to utilize contraception. Utilization of condoms and contraceptives must be publicized and advanced alongside guaranteeing modest and prepared access to these. Contraceptives don’t just end up being a significant populace control measure yet, also, forestalls spreading of sexually transmitted infections like AIDS in this way guaranteeing nuclear healthy families.

Development

Why the enormous population and the expanding pace of it is the greatest concern looked by the developing countries of Africa and Asia while the equivalent is an almost no danger in nations like America, Europe or Japan. Absence of Development suggests high destitution, high illiteracy, high discrimination, absence of consciousness, absence of medical services and hence expanded populace development. Any economy is named created is its populace is non-discriminated and just. By diminishing separation among sexual orientation and class and guaranteeing improvement of the entire populace rather than a given portion of society would wipe out the challenge of populace rise for once.