West Bengal to Get a New Sea Port

West Bengal is often neglected as a coastal state of India. While the shore length of West Bengal is long enough, most of it lies in the active delta region of Ganga-Brahmaputra, which is the largest in the world. Only a small part of the East Medinipur coast, around the beach resort town of Digha, is accessible for large ocean going vessels.

Two riverine ports of West Bengal, the Kolkata Port and the Haldia Port, have navigation problems, and also have minimal scope of expansion. With growing demand in the industrial belt in eastern India, and the markets in the north-east spreading rapidly, there is a need for another port in eastern India. Thus, the proposed Tajpur port in West Bengal near Digha, is expected to be a game-changer in the region.

Tajpur port offers many facilities which both Kolkata and Haldia port lacked. Firstly, Tajpur port is located in the sea, providing a natural draft of more than 12 metres, and can be expanded upto 15 metres. Tajpur port offers both rail and road connectivity apart from waterways, which will reduce the travel costs to a greater extent. Tajpur port is also located strategically near the border with Bangladesh, and Myanmar also lies in close proximity. Hence the port can also be used for defence purposes by the Navy.

As most of the land required for the port is to be reclaimed from the sea, no land acquisition is required. However, building dykes and earthen dams to reach the port from the mainland may prove to be costly. Also, Odisha offers better port facilities through its Paradeep Port, and hence, the Indian Government is reluctant to build another port in close proximity to the already operational Paradeep Port. The State Government, however, has expressed interest to go ahead with the plan, and it hopes that the new port holds the key for expanding business in Bengal.

Despite the plan of the port starting way back in 2016, hardly any progress took place in the last 6 years. Tussle between the State Government and the Centre is delaying any sort of plans for the new port. First, the Centre expressed its desire to develop the port, when the State handed over the majority 74% of its stake. However, as no progress was made, the State is looking forward to implementing 100% of the port through private-public partnership.

Currently, bidding for the private stakeholder has been organized and Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone (APSEZ) has emerged as the highest bidder. However, only two bidders emerged in the bidding process, APSEZ defeating the other bidder JSW Infrastructure by a very small margin. It is now up to the West Bengal Government to see how long it takes to finish all the paperwork for the planning stage. After the port is formally handed over to the private player, it may not take more than 5 years for the inauguration of the first phase. The new port has a potential to generate a large number of jobs, which is much-needed in the post-pandemic age.

Does Work From Home Benefitted Women in the IT Sector?

Work from home is a necessity after the Covid-19 pandemic. Following initial lockdown days, many corporate sectors have opened their offices and have resumed work in a fully offline mode or a hybrid mode. However, the majority of the IT sector is still working from home and will continue to do so for some more time. As most of the work is online in the IT industry, productivity has not gone down, and work-life balance seem to have increased following the work from home policy. This is one of the reason the IT sector is not willing to fully open even post-pandemic.

Study gives mixed results when it comes to whether work from home has benefitted women. A study by the New York Post found that men are finding work from home easier compared to women. This can be said mostly for women having school children or kids. While men can work freely at their own desk or corner, women have to manage all the household tasks plus all office work. With their kids and family members around, women are also finding it stressful to maintain a work-life balance. Read more about this study here.

Another study suggests that women leaving IT companies has declined to half of that before the pandemic. Many women leave their jobs after they become mothers, and IT companies are no exception. However, since work from home started, remote working and flexible working hours gives women more time to spend at home, they can look after their children, take care of the household, and at the same time give some of their time towards work. It has also been found that more women are returning to work as their children grow older. IT companies have thus been hiring more experienced women than ever before. Women employees now constitute 36% in Wipro, a number which has doubled in the last 18 months. Moreover, the company has offered flexible working options, which give employees control over how they plan their day, which has also helped. An internal survey by the company revealed that this has helped 77% of women employees.

Another study suggests that WFH is the reason why women are looking for jobs that offer work from home, flexible working conditions, and better worm-like balance. The option to work from home could be the most effective way to attract and retain female employees, especially when IT sectors are amid a war for talent. In the survey, about 25% of the men cited the WFH option as influencing their decision to move jobs, while for women, this was 63%. WFH, or even hybrid model of work is giving enough IT opportunities to grab as most companies are hiring a record number of employees. Work sector in India has been a men dominated one. But with emerging new working conditions due to the Covid-19 pandemic, gender diversity may increase in almost every field in major IT industries and beyond. This International Women’s Day, let’s hope that Indian women can represent half of India’s workforce in the coming years.

Written by – Himadri Paul

Successful initiation of Make in India Initiative

For any Nation to reach its maximum potential by virtue of Economy, self-sufficiency is the key. The Indian subcontinent is full of resources of every kind natural, Human or technological. The only barrier in Indian development is the lack of competency in the industrial sphere; we do not process what we produce. This statement could further be understood by knowing that Indian imports in 2019 accounted for about 514 billion dollars whereas the export stood at 330.07 billion dollars resulting in a trade deficit of 180 billion dollars, which in general terms means we gave away about 180 billion dollars to other nations. If this is not enough a report in 2016 estimated Indian Trade Deficit to grow to about 500(Billion dollars) by 2030.

In the wake of this, Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the Indian Government to launch a full-fledged program for Industries to grow in India namely Make in India. In accordance with this initiative, the Indian Government projected Indian GDP to shoot up to 25% for which a variety of steps were taken which had wide implications on businesses.

  • Improvement In Infrastructure

 To improve Indian manufacturing sector infrastructure and capacity are boosted: Development of smart cities and industrial nests in areas of High potential with supplies of Raw material and Workforce along with high transportability 

  •  There is a bid to develop new smart cities and industrial clusters – the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial corridor is projected to make 5 smart cities: Greater Noida, Ujjain, Gurugram, Dholera, and Shendra-Bidkin,
  • Northeast India is work in progress to be connected with other Industrial corridors 
  • Re-cycling and treatment of water through zero liquid discharging systems.
  • Construction of central effluent treatment plants.
  • Provisional Changes during the Union Budget 2016-17
  • To promote start-ups there is a proposal of 100% deduction of profits for 3 to 5 years for start-ups set up from April 2016 to March 2019 with a minimum alternate tax in place.
  •  Granting “Residency Status” to nations and the proposal to grant International investors on satisfying certain conditions.
  •  Custom and Excise Duties are changed to bring costs down and enhance the competitiveness of the domestic sphere in sectors like IT hardware, defense production, mineral fuels, and mineral oils, chemicals and petrochemicals as well as in Maintenance Repair of aircraft and ship repair.
  • Positives to draw upon

After putting in so much of efforts by the Indian Government, many positives are emerging

  • Samsung has put up a manufacturing plant of Mobiles in India which is set to induce self-sufficiency and its production is estimated to be so high that it will also export and hence building a great foundation for further growth.
  • Apple inc. is set to move its production from China to India for which all the groundwork has been done. This move is also in terms of American policy to go on poles with china.
  • Google announced recently to invest 75,000 Crore in India via Equity Investment, partnership, and operational investment.

Author’s Take 

India is receiving numerous opportunities as their work in laying a foundation to establish India as a Manufacturing Hub is bearing fruits, India should capitalize upon these chances. If the pace is kept, India will certainly grow to tremendous highs because of its vast potential and dedicated efforts.

 ~By Shubham Yadav

Haryana Clears Ordinance to Reserve 75% Jobs in Private Sector For locals of the State.

” Haryana State Employment to Local Candidates Act-2020′, the new law would be pertinent to every private firm where the numbers of employees are more than ten”.

The Haryana government on Monday cleared a draft law, affirming 75% reservation in employment in the private sector in Haryana for the inhabitants of the state.

What Does 75% Private Job allocation To State locals Mean?

Deputy Chief Minister Dushyant Chautala, who had, prior a day, introduced the draft mandate before the state bureau, tweeted, “Today is a historic day for the youths of the state. Our government has approved the draft ordinance mandating the recruitment of 75% youth from the state in private jobs in Haryana”.

Especially, reservation in private occupations was guaranteed by his Jannayak Janata Party (JJP) in its pronouncement for last October’s Assembly surveys in the state. The party completed third behind the decision BJP and the Congress and framed an alliance with the previous to shape the legislature in the state.

The last endorsement to the law will be that as it may just be given by the bureau in its next meeting. The new law would be called ‘Haryana State Employment to Local Candidates Act-2020’. It is appropriate for every private firm where the number of workers is more than ten.

It would not make a difference to those previously working in the state and would apply just to those enlistments which are made after the notice for the proposed law is armed.

Additionally, the law, which will be executed by the Haryana labor department, would be pertinent just in situations where representatives are making less than Rs 50,000/month.

When given the last endorsement, the Haryana State?

Employment Act for nearby up comers will be pertinent to all the private ventures and firms in Haryana where more than 10 workers are hired.

Still, the order will presently be relevant to the previously working representatives. Or maybe, it will be appropriate to the enrollment in the private area after the date of issue of the order of the statute. According to the statute, any new organization, manufacturing plant, or new recruiting by existing organization/production line should follow the new arrangement.

How Can Haryana Residents Ensure Benefits Of Reservation?

To take advantage, it is compulsory for youth in the state to have a perpetual inhabitant domicile of Haryana. This law will be upheld by the labor departments. As indicated by the reports, it will be compulsory for each firm, processing plant or organization under the domain of the law to get point by point information of the representatives working under it on the administration portal.

Other points To Know regarding the Act:

As indicated by the reports, the law will be observed by the Deputy Director level officials of the Department of Industry and Commerce. Young people from Haryana’s ITI will get the job priority.

Besides, this law is relied upon to diminish the costs of the company. It is to be noticed that this law in the private sector will be material just for individuals taking a shot at the post with a salary up to Rs 50,000.

What Is “Regionalism”?

A nation’s/stat’s domain is typically characterized by political choices and geographic shows. However, the social personality and political vision of the districts inside it may be altogether extraordinary and sometimes, the local character may be more grounded than the national.

In governmental issues, regionalism is a philosophy that features the local identity, the requirement for autonomous local planning, and authoritative opportunity. It advances the sign of social singularities and organizes the enthusiasm of the locale over the enthusiasm of the country as a whole.

As such, the regionalist governmental issues of a district are focused on that particular region; they mean to coordinate the national/state plan towards the nearby interests and search for more prominent self-sufficiency for that area.

Regionalism is critical to you since it has been demonstrated to make governments increasingly productive and viable. Progressively proficient and compelling governments help keep expenses and charges lower while furnishing you and your family with a higher caliber of life.

Regionalist propensities frequently mix between state antagonisms as its overflow impact. Local developments frequently bring about violent fomentations, upset the lawfulness circumstance as well as have negative ramifications on the economy of the state or the country.

The downsides of regionalism incorporate the opportunities for every individual city or province to lose their particular freedom as well as personality.” Jenny Brock, Johnson City bad habit chairman: “The outside world doesn’t see city or region limit lines when they are settling on a choice to situate in our general vicinity.

The positive impact of regionalism

1. Scholars think that regionalism plays a vital role in the building of the nation/state if the call from the regions is accommodated by the political system of the nation.

2. Regional identification in terms of statehood or state autonomy gives self-determination to the people of that specific nation/state and they feel authorized and happy. Internal self-determination of a particular group, whether linguistic, tribal, religious, regional or their combinations, has remained the principal form in which regionalism in the state/nation has sought to convey itself, historically as well as now.

3. Local identities in the state or the nation have not generally characterized themselves contrary to and to the detriment of, the national personality, saw a law-based impact of such procedure in that India’s democracy has moved near to the individuals who feel increasingly included and show more prominent worry for establishments of the neighborhood and local administration.

The negative impact of regionalism

1. Regionalism is frequently observed as a danger to the turn of events, progress, and solidarity of the country. It gives internal security challenges by the gatherings, who engender the sentiments of regionalism against the standard politico-authoritative arrangement of the nation.

2. Regionalism unquestionably impacts governmental issues as long periods of resemblance government and unions are occurring. Local requests become national requests, strategies are propelled to fulfill provincial requests and for the most part, those are stretched out to all pockets of the nation, henceforth national arrangements are presently ruled by territorial requests. For example, MSP given to sugarcane, it was useful for ranchers in Maharashtra however it was executed over all states coming about tumults of ranchers having a place with UP, Punjab, and Haryana. In the interim, it planted a seed of absconding among priests and focusing on comparing clergymen.

3. The regionalism actuated brutality upsets the entire society, individuals are murdered, pupil can’t go to the schools and universities, the travel industry can’t be advanced, and so on. This effects the advancement of human assets, governments need to convey additional powers to control the circumstance and it has direct ramifications on the economy of the country. Affected social orders stay unapproachable from the standard turn of events and afterward the local varieties and backwardness are unmistakably reflected.

2008 offensive attack on Uttar Pradeshi and Bihari emigrants in Maharashtra

The 2008 assaults on Uttar Pradeshi and Bihari migrant in Maharashtra started on 3 February 2008 after vicious conflicts between laborers of two ideological groups—Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) and Samajwadi Party (SP)— at Dadar in Mumbai, capital of the Indian territory of Maharashtra. The conflicts occurred when laborers of MNS, a splinter group framed out of the Shiv Sena (a significant ideological group of Maharashtra), attempted to assault laborers of SP, the provincial party situated in Uttar Pradesh, who was continuing to go to a meeting sorted out by the United National Progressive Alliance (UNPA). Defending his party’s stand, MNS boss Raj Thackeray clarified that the assault was a response to the “provocative and pointless demonstration of solidarity” and “uncontrolled political and social harassment of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar transients and their pioneers”

We can find regionalism in both the above cases, in Haryana, govt. wants its locals to get the priority in employment with a certain condition. The state is taking care of its citizens by not performing any offensive attack to the people with other state domiciles whereas Maharashtra govt. assaulted the citizens of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar migrants.