Paralympic Games are periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes, who are physically disabled in some way. The Paralympic Games are organized a few days after the Summer Olympic Games. The Paralympic Games are held in the same venue as the Summer Olympics. For example, the Rio 2016 Summer Olympics was followed by the Rio 2016 Paralympics. Several sports have subcategories based on the disabilities of the athletes. In short, Paralympic Games are Olympic Games that are meant for persons with disabilities to compete in international sports.
Like Summer and Winter Olympics, Paralympic Games also have a winter version, right after the Winter Olympics. The first Winter Paralympics was held in Sochi in Russia in 2014. The first Summer Paralympics date way back to Rome in 1960. Since their inception, Paralympic Games have evolved and expanded far and wide due to the different types of disabilities athletes possess.
India has a good record at the Paralympic Games. India’s first-ever individual medal came in 1972 when Murlikant Petkar broke the world record in 50m freestyle to win the gold medal. India’s second gold medal was won by Devendra Jhajaria in javelin throw in 2004. Recent successes at Rio Paralympics 2016 has put India’s hopes for many future medal contenders. Javelin thrower Devendra Jhajharia bagged another gold medal in javelin throw, while Mariyappan Thangavelu won gold in the high jump. The high jump event also had India’s Varun Singh Bhati as the bronze medal winner. The veteran shot putter, Deepa Malik, got silver at shot put.
Tokyo Paralympic Games 2020 is now underway in Tokyo, Japan. The Games began on 24th August 2021 and will continue up to 5th September. Along with the Tokyo Summer Olympics, the Paralympics had been postponed to 2021 due to the Covid-19 pandemic in the world. Now, the Paralympic Games has begun, India will now once again look forward to the medal contenders. After historic success at Tokyo Summer Olympics 2020, India will hope to repeat the same and add more medals to her campaign at Tokyo in Tokyo Summer Paralympics 2020.
Cycling was the most common method of personal vehicle transportation throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Today, most developed countries in the world are promoting cycle transport to stem the pollution from motor vehicles. Bicycles have the least carbon footprint among all means of transportation as they operate using the energy of the rider. However, they are classified as slow-moving vehicles and are banned from entering congested streets in many cities across India. This limited the growth of this eco-friendly mode of transportation in the early 21st century.
In 2020, world transportation was shattered by Covid-19. Short journeys, for which people used to take auto or bus rides, are replaced by cycles. The unavailability of private cars, buses, and autos means the roads are nearly empty most of the time. So cycling on empty roads did not pose any hindrance to the traffic. In such a scenario, the Government allowed several otherwise-congested roads for cycling purposes. Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, all have seen a spurt in the number of cycles and sales of cycles. A cycle is not only very cheap, but an effective mode of transportation for short distance journeys, and can be parked almost anywhere.
However, various independent surveys show that cycling is more a fitness sport than a transport. In lockdown situations, when fitness lovers are unable to move out to gyms or yoga, cycling comes to their rescue. Cycling not only keeps our body fit but also makes us go out in the sun. Various studies show that Vitamin D is linked with our immunity against Covid-19 and the major source of Vitamin D is sunlight. Thus there is a sudden growth in the number of cycle riders in the afternoon.
Seeing a positive response from the public, the Government is now thinking of making the congested cities suitable for large-scale cycle transportation. Cycle helps in reducing pollution, and also saves a lot of fuel. The commuters have also seen the benefits of cycling, both in terms of health and in terms of money-saving. There has been a 300-600 per cent increase in cycle sales across megacities of India. The best-sellers are expensive bicycles, specially meant for racing purposes. The rich section of the society, which previously did not feel the need to cycle, is now considering cycling as a means of staying fit. The Government now requires cycling as a safe form of transport. The Government should promote the development of bicycle tracks across cities so that riders can move from one part of the city to another without disturbing the traffic. The question is, after the pandemic, will the riders feel safe to ride across congested roads. The Government should create an atmosphere of prioritising cycling as a safe and effective transportation option, which not only the poor but also the rich can utilize.
“Sports are one of the notable esteemed activities in India. Almost nearly everyone makes themselves indulge in some sort of sports starting from hockey, cricket, football, badminton, swimming, etc. The India of these days plays with a competitive edge of the mind. The society has been adapted and improved with time and opportunities out there. Today, parents encourage their children to indulge themselves in various sports to earn name and fame for themselves. With the rising demand for all the sports, the requirement to own an athletic body has additionally gained a great position.”
It is appropriate to understand the factors that adversely affect sports in India and the measures are taken by the government to rectify the situation.
The causes behind the underdevelopment of sports in India are:
Corruption of sports authorities: Corruption has become equal with sports administration and management in India. Whether it is the most popular cricket or hockey or weightlifting, most of the sports authorities in India have come under an outbreak due to corruption charges.
2. Social and economic inequalities: Social and economic disparities have a negative and the harmful impact on Indian sport. Rejection of admission to sports infrastructure due to poverty, awareness of stadiums and other sports avenues only in cities, lack of encouragement to girls to participate in sports, etc. have reduced the development of a positive and encouraging sports culture in the country.
3. Lack of infrastructure: This is one of the most critical factors for the indifference of the sport in India. Since infrastructure is necessary for training and organizing games, its non-availability and its entrance to only a few segments of the society have adversely and badly impacted the sport involvement and the quality of sportspersons.
4. Lack of policies: For the growth and development of any sector, the formulation and implementation of an actual policy is an essential condition. This is true for sports too. To date, the planning and implementation of sports strategy are unified in the country due to the scarcity of resources and the experience of state and local governments. In addition, the lack of a separate ministry of sports at the union level reveals unconcern towards sports.
To cure the situation, the government has taken a number of initiatives in the past years. Some of them are explained below in briefly
In September 2017, the Union Cabinet permitted the revamped Khelo India programme for the purpose of individual, community, economic and national development. The revamped Khelo India Programme was aimed to provide better sports environment including proper infrastructure, community sports, etc.
In order to provide the best potential help, guidance and support to athletes in their training for the upcoming 2020 Olympics, the government approved the selection of international trainers and supporting staff.
In April 2016, the Central Sector Scheme, Khelo India – National Programme for Development of Sports was approved by the government. It includes the erstwhile Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan, Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme and National Sports Talent Search System Programme.
Written By – Gaurav Chaurasia
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Human civilization has continuously evolved since the Stones age. Evolution is limited to not only the body of human beings but also the mind of them. People used to do actions that made them happy, and they enjoyed; they used to observe those physical activities which were interesting to do and frequently did it. Later those activities became a kind of enjoyment for those people; by the passage of time, they discovered different aspects of those activities and started performing those for other motives. It was observed that such actions have many positive outcomes like sound health, some extra capabilities, and they enjoyed it as well. This is how different sports/physical activities evolved in every part of the world. Sports in India will be our main focus.
Geographical factor in Sports
In India, we have a variety of games and sports; the form of every sport depends on the geographical condition and culture of that very particular area as these activities have been evolving for an extended period as a culture, but later it got different motives to be performed.
The sports around Himalayan mountainous region are Heli skiing, Hill climbing, etc., The sports around rivers and water bodies in south India are River Rafting, Swimming, etc., So it is so easy to conclude how the form of a sport depends upon the geographical condition of a particular area where it has evolved.
India has some tribal sports, and some mainstream sports; tribal sports refers to a culture which is continuous in that form in every generation, these type of sports are not performed with a motive of an event of the profession, these are performed as a Tribal culture which is indelible. Some of the Tribal sports are Lagoori, Seval Sandai, Jallikattu, etc.
Now, mainstream sports are those sports that are represented on an international level to compete, and such sports are frequent in any mega sports event to participate in as these are mainstream sports and foster the world of sports with its worldwide witnesses. These kinds of sports include stringent rules and regulations. Some of the Indian mainstream sports are Badminton, Cricket, Volleyball, Athletics events, etc.
Condition of Sports in India
When we ruminate about the spirit of sports and dedication people put to be capable of performing any sport makes it so professional, through the passage of time the level of every sport has increased, it ratifies now it’s not just a means of enjoyment or culture it has transformed into a profession. Indian world-class sportspeople have earned a lot of medals and appreciations in the whole world, India is a developing country in respect of games sports, India has organized a lot of sports events like Asian Games, Cricket Worldcup, etc. The ministry of youth affairs and sports was initially set up by the department of sports in 1982, which is still regulating the sports world of India. Formerly lots of people aimed to be a sportsman in a particular sports field, but in India, there were fewer opportunities and insufficient promotion in the field of games and sports that made feel not safe to opt for any sport as a profession. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports regulating this sector has promoted it well and has rekindled the doused hope of youths to opt for a particular sport as a profession; there are a lot of sports universities in India for such aspirants in Haryana, Tamil Nadu, etc. The highest award achievement in sports is Rajeev Gandhi Khel Ratna in India, and it honors the sportsmen who have been the best in a particular sport; the highest award for coaching achievement is the Dronacharya award, it is an honor for those coaching masters who are excellent and meritorious in their work. Abhinav Bindra became the first sportsman to win a gold medal in Olympics Games and India’s 1st gold medal since 1980 by men’s field hockey team.
Problems faced by sportsmen
Even though there are lots of political Impediments at a higher level amid achieving the stage of being a professional sportsman, most of the people don’t feel safe and prioritized and backed up to opt-in as a profession in India. These are the problems sportspeople are facing; they’re hard-working but not getting that much effort from the system to flourish their carrier in this sector. India lack infrastructures in different parts of its geographical division to facilitate resources and proper training to aspirants of any particular sport. Sportspeople lack opportunities to perform and compete to raise the level, sports events organized at a recognizable level are not so frequent for sportspeople to be engaged in their productivity.
Measures to improve Sports in India
There are some of the measures which must be taken by the government to improve the condition of Indian Sports. *Engaging Schools and collages Govt must bring a mandatory Policy for schools and colleges to participate in some sports organized by the government on a recognizable level; these initiatives would increase the interest of youths for games and sports as nowadays youths are getting indulged into online games in electronic devices, such habits are not going to let the upcoming generation survive in the euphemistic world. The future of sports is in the hands of the upcoming generation, so they must be nourished well. *Developing infrastructures Infrastructures regarding sports must be developed in order to broadcast Indian Sports in an attractive manner to fulfilling the demands and requirements of hard-working sportspeople. This would be a beneficial step towards managing resources and regulating within infrastructures located in different places.
*Broadcasting and Promoting Govt. must make a decision about the promotion of sports in India to make everyone aware of the opportunities they are being offered by govt. And the importance of games n sports, it must be prioritized in any form for everyone to keep each and every citizen of India fit and fine. Broadcasting and promotion include organizing different sports events in different areas of the country on a recognizable level to Kindle the spirit of sports in youths by observing a positive environment.
Govt. must bring reform in sports authority in terms of its fair decision making and by the continuous sneaking those departments responsible for biased execution of the system.
The ministry of youth affairs and sports must do something that a common vernacular phrase “Padhoge Likhoge banoge nawab or kheloge kudoge banoge kharab” turns into “Padhoge Likhoge banoge nawab, kheloge Kudoge banoge lajawab’. The society of India should be made aware of this very field, and it’s own importance individually.
Sports is something everyone looks up to, for some sports is a profession, for some it is passion and for rest, it is a source of entertainment. Due to COVID-19, everything came to a complete halt, sports being no exception. Regularity is something every Sportsperson always desires but during lockdown no means of training and practice were allowed hence dark clouds moved over Sporting Fraternity.
Impact on Players and Coaches
Players and Coaches were worst hit in these grim circumstances “No sports, No training, No practice”. Rising talents and Veterans who were looking for an opportunity to prove their potential were denied chances and sports is one such profession where time is of utmost worth. Every other field may get over this pandemic and restore to normal but Sports will never be able to. Maybe Virat Kohli could have scored 1000 more runs in this lockdown tenure or M.S.Dhoni could have won another IPL and regained his spot in National Team or Christiano Ronaldo could have scored 5 more Hat tricks which would have enabled them to cross various milestones.
A lot of Prospects were honing their Skills and were working for the Olympics, which was scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August eyeing it as a path towards glory. Survival in sports need proper management of finances as Sportsman always need balanced nourishment and diet and in lockdown, no source of income was in fluids making this unasked, unpaid off days even more difficult.
But the clouds have now started to disperse and the ray of light is now visible, though distant.
Impact on Spectators
Impact of Social Media and Binge watching of web series and movies is the new source of killing time for today’s youth and the reason for it is the diversion of sports spectators. Football and Cricket are a craze for this world. Broadcasting Sponsors have lost big chunks of their fortune and created more turmoil in the field of Field.
Resumption:- Revival or Blank
Resumption of Sports was marked by the resumption of Bundesliga (Football league of Germany) later it was followed by LaLiga, BPL, and other major leagues. Similarly, cricket resumed international operation by the Bilateral test series of England v/s West Indies. Indian Cricket team will play its first series in Australia in a bio-secure environment in December.
All sporting Authorities have issued specific guidelines; majorly most of the sporting events are played without live spectators in bio-secure environments.
Venue shift of Indian Premier League
Indian Premier League has witnessed a venue shift from India to the United Arab Emirates, this move is likely to cause repercussions but this is BCCIs best bet in holding this season. Huge Revenue losses will have to be settled as cities, stadiums, and franchisees have already put up their chips in advertisements and promotions. One positive that rises from this situation is holding IPL will save a lot of talent and potential from getting to waste.
Sport is important but life is most significant, conducting Events in the safest way possible is the best way forward. Acts such as “Liverpool fans breaking lockdown rules” should be controlled and condemned. The world will have to rise above this pandemic and this Resumption of Sports will surely be a cause.